Subject: Program and Project Life-Cycle Logistics Support Policy
Responsible Office: Office of Strategic Infrastructure
a. It is NASA's policy for:
(1) Agency-funded programs and projects that develop or procure reusable
or maintainable flight hardware or programmatic/mission-specific ground
hardware to define and implement measures that provide life-cycle
logistics support through applicable phases to increase the probability
of mission success and to control and reduce life-cycle costs and risks.
Resources applied to life-cycle logistics support may be scaled to fit
the scope and needs of the individual program or project.
(2) Programs and projects to include supportability as part of the
system's design characteristics to assist in ensuring system availability
(3) Programs and projects to define and implement measures to identify
and mitigate product availability risks arising from obsolescence,
regulatory prohibitions, supplier loss, procurement lead times, or other
supply disruptions through applicable life-cycle phases.
a. This NPD is applicable to NASA Headquarters, NASA Centers, including
Component Facilities, and Technical and Service Support Centers.
b. This language applies to JPL, other contractors, grant recipients, or
parties to agreements only to the extent specified or referenced in the
appropriate contracts, grants, or agreements.
c. This policy includes major modifications of systems already in full
production or operational as of the effective date of this directive.
d. This policy includes Government-Furnished Property, Government-
developed systems and hardware, and programmatic/mission-specific facilities.
e. Hardware leased by NASA or loaned to NASA by other Federal agencies
and technology development or demonstration programs that do not provide
mission, flight, or systems hardware is exempt from the requirements of
f. In this directive, all document citations are assumed to be the latest
version unless otherwise noted.
g. In this directive, all mandatory actions (i.e., requirements) are
denoted by statements containing the term "shall." The terms "may"
or "can" denote discretionary privilege or permission, "should" denotes a
good practice and is recommended but not required, "will" denotes
expected outcome, and "are/is" denotes descriptive material.
a. The National Aeronautics and Space Act, as amended 51 U.S.C. § 20111
b. NPD 1000.0, NASA Governance and Strategic Management Handbook.
4. APPLICABLE DOCUMENTS AND FORMS
a. NPR 7120.5, NASA Space Flight Program and Project Management
b. NPR 8735.1, Procedures For Exchanging Parts, Materials, and Safety
Problem Data Utilizing the Government-Industry Data Exchange Program and
c. AeroSpace and Defense Industries Association of Europe (ASD) and
Aerospace Industries Association (AIA) AIA/ASD S3000L, International
Procedure Specification for Logistics Support Analysis(available at
d. SAE TA-STD-0017, Product Support Analysis (available at
e. SAE GEIA-STD-0007-B, Logistics Product Data (available at
a. The Assistant Administrator, Office of Strategic Infrastructure shall
establish program and project life-cycle logistics support policies and
guidance, provide functional leadership in life-cycle logistics support,
and provide oversight and review of life-cycle logistics support policy
implementation and effectiveness.
b. Associate Administrators shall ensure compliance with NASA program and
project life-cycle logistics support policies within their respective
organizations and provide specific policies and standards, as required.
c. Center Directors shall ensure that the programs and projects for which
they are responsible (including Government-Furnished Property and
Government-developed hardware and systems) comply with the life-cycle
logistics support policies detailed herein. Also, they are accountable
for managing and controlling NASA property, supplies, equipment, and
transportation services acquired or utilized by their programs and
d. Program Managers and Project Managers shall:
(1) Ensure compliance with life-cycle logistics support policies.
(2) Determine the nature and scope of life-cycle logistics support
necessary for the program/project to minimize life-cycle cost while
achieving required operational effectiveness.
(3) Ensure that Integrated Logistics Support (ILS) elements (see
Attachment A) are addressed for applicable life-cycle phases from
program/project conception through final disposition.
(4) Ensure that life-cycle logistics support is addressed as a component
of the acquisition strategy and budgeting process.
(5) Manage the initial provisioning of an adequate range and depth of
spare parts required to support their assigned system and assure adequate
spares replenishment throughout the system's life cycle.
(6) Manage the acquisition of adequate quantities of consumable items to
support their assigned system throughout the system's life cycle.
(7) Determine the most appropriate allocation of responsibilities between
the Government and contractor for performing life-cycle logistics support
(8) Perform periodic reviews to monitor compliance with NASA's Life-Cycle
Logistics Support Policy when the responsibilities defined in section
5.e. are fulfilled by a designated Life-Cycle Logistics Support Manager.
(9) Designate a program or project Life-Cycle Logistics Support Manager
at the beginning of the mission needs and conceptual studies phase, if
(10) Maintain programmatic oversight of industrial base and supply chain
issues that might pose a risk to the program or project.
(11) Develop and implement processes, appropriate contract language, and
mechanisms needed to identify, mitigate, monitor, and report industrial
base and supply chain risks to the program or project. This may include
(but is not limited to) risks such as counterfeit parts, obsolescence,
regulatory prohibitions, procurement lead times, supplier loss, or other
supply chain disruptions.
e. Program Managers and Project Managers or their designated Life-Cycle
Logistics Support Managers shall:
(1) Integrate life-cycle logistics support considerations beginning with
program/project conception, including:
(a) Applying and integrating the fundamental elements of ILS to the
specific characteristics and needs of each program or project.
(b) Managing the development and implementation of plans and processes
for ILS, supply chain management related to logistics support functions,
and obsolescence risk management.
(c) Identifying risks associated with Diminishing Manufacturing Sources
and Material Shortages (DMSMS).
(2) Conduct Logistic Support Analysis (LSA) activities to identify and
address life-cycle cost drivers, define system support needs and
resources throughout the system's life cycle in accordance with ASD
S3000L (International Procedure Specification for Logistics Support
Analysis) or SAE TA-STD-0017 (Product Support Analysis)concurrent with
systems design and development, or major modification. Results are
documented in a format compatible with SAE GEIA-STD-0007-B (Logistics
Product Data). The LSA process may be scaled based on the scope and
complexity of the specific program or project and individual program or
(3) Document Life-Cycle Logistics Support approaches in an Integrated
Logistics Support Plan (ILSP) as required by NPR 7120.5. The ILSP is
typically a stand-alone document. In cases of very simple programs and
projects or other situations in which the ILSP will be of minimal
complexity, it can be incorporated into the Program Plan or Project Plan.
A preliminary version of the plan is required at System Definition Review
(SDR) for programs and at System Requirements Review (SRR) for Projects.
A Baseline version of the plan is required at Preliminary Design Review
(PDR) for both programs and projects. The ILSP is updated at Critical
Design Review (CDR) for both programs and projects. The ILSP addresses
the topics listed below that are applicable to the specific program or
(a) Participation in the design process beginning at program/project
conception to ensure that systems are supportable.
(b) Logistics infrastructure and information systems management.
(c) Flight and ground systems hardware maintenance.
(d) Supply support, including spares procurement and replenishment,
resupply and return, and supply chain management related to logistics
(e) Technical data and documentation (including procedures and work
(f) Maintenance tools and test and support equipment.
(g) Packaging, storage, material transportation, and handling.
(h) Maintenance training.
(i) Postproduction support.
(j) Disposition at end of life.
(k) Logistics support performance measurements for the life of the
program or project.
(l) Software maintenance.
(4) Identify procurement strategies to obtain optimum quantities of spare
parts based on predicted usage, need, initial cost, life-cycle cost, and
program maintenance philosophy.
(5) Support program and project management and work with other relevant
NASA organizations to develop and implement processes, appropriate
contract language, and mechanisms needed to identify, mitigate, monitor,
and report industrial base and supply chain risks to the program or
project. This may include (but is not limited to) risks such as
counterfeit parts, obsolescence, regulatory prohibitions, procurement
lead times, supplier loss, or other supply chain disruptions.
(6) Participate in the Government-Industry Data Exchange Program (GIDEP),
which includes baselining of parts lists to check for historical and
future GIDEP notices and NASA Advisories and significant DMSMS
information, in accordance with NPR 8735.1, Procedures For Exchanging
Parts, Materials, and Safety Problem Data Utilizing the Government-
Industry Data Exchange Program and NASA Advisories.
6. DELEGATION OF AUTHORITY
a. Program/Project Managers establish performance-based metrics based on
the scope and complexity of the specific program or project to determine
if systems and processes are in place within applicable programs and
projects to address the Integrated Logistics Support elements shown in
section 5.e.3 and to assess life-cycle costs and system operational
b. At a minimum, program and project plans, requirement documents, and
resources budgeted or applied to operations and maintenance support will
be examined through formal reviews (e.g., program and project milestone
reviews and Standing Review Board Reviews, as defined in NPR 7120.5) and
c. Metrics should be reviewed periodically (at least once every five
years) to ensure continued applicability.
a. NPD 7500.1C, Program and Project Logistics Policy, dated August 17,
b. NID 7500.1, Program and Project Life Cycle Logistics Support Policy
dated November 5, 2013.
/s/ Charlie F. Bolden Acting Administrator
ATTACHMENT A: (TEXT)
Consumable Items - Materials that are used and consumed during assembly,
integration, test, operation, and maintenance of a system. Examples
include, but are not limited to, wipes, tie wraps, fluids, safety wire,
adhesives, and lubricants.
Industrial Base - The capabilities residing in either the commercial or
Government sector required to design, develop, manufacture, launch, and
service the program or project. This encompasses related manufacturing
facilities, supply chain operations and management, a skilled workforce,
launch infrastructure, research and development, and support services.
Integrated Logistics Support (ILS)(adapted from DoD Acquisition Community
Connection) - A discipline associated with the design, development, test,
production, fielding, sustainment, improvement modifications, and
disposal of cost-effective systems. The principal objectives of ILS are
to ensure that support considerations are an integral part of a system's
design requirements, that the system can be cost effectively supported
through its life cycle, and that the infrastructure elements necessary to
the initial fielding and operational support of the system are
identified, developed, and acquired. Since the majority of a system's
life-cycle costs can be attributed directly to operations and support
costs, it is vitally important that system developers evaluate the
potential operation and support costs of alternate designs and factor
these into early design decisions. ILS activities are most effective when
they are integral to both the contractor and Government's system
engineering technical and management processes. The recognized elements
of ILS include:
a. Design Interface (participating in the design process to enhance
b. Supply Support.
c. Maintenance Planning.
d. Packaging, Handling, Storage, and Transportation (PHS&T).
e. Technical Data.
f. Support and Test Equipment.
g. Training and Training Support.
h. Manpower and Personnel for ILS Functions.
i. Facilities Required for ILS Functions.
j. Computer Resources Support.
Logistics - As used within NASA, this term encompasses the functions
associated with planning for and implementation of program life-cycle
logistics support (i.e., Integrated Logistics Support), transportation,
supply support, supply chain management related to logistics support
functions, property management, and property disposition.
Maintainable Flight Hardware - Flight hardware that is designed to be
repaired and restored throughout its life cycle to nominal operating
condition following failure or degraded operation. It includes both
hardware that is integral to the systems of a launch vehicle, spacecraft,
or other in-space system and loose equipment.
Programmatic/Mission-Specific Ground Hardware - Non-flight hardware that
performs a function specifically associated with a flight program.
Examples include launch facilities, ground support equipment (GSE) used
in support of flight hardware, and special test equipment used in support
of flight hardware.
Reusable Flight Hardware - Flight hardware that is designed to be used on
multiple flights or missions. It includes both hardware that is integral
to the systems of a reusable launch vehicle, spacecraft, or other in-
space system and loose equipment.
Supply Chain - The specific group of suppliers and their
interrelationships that are necessary to design, develop, manufacture,
launch, and service a program or project. This encompasses all levels
within a space system (including associated GSE) and also includes
providers of raw materials, components, subsystems, systems, and services
and systems integrators.
Supply Chain Management - A synergistic function performed by program
management, safety and mission assurance, logistics, engineering, and
other related functions that ensures systematic and strategic
coordination of supply and demand management of product and service
across all business functions, including NASA Centers, suppliers, third-
party enterprises, and other partners.
Supply Support - An element of ILS that consists of all actions,
procedures, and techniques necessary for acquisition management,
cataloging, receiving, storing, transferring, issuing and disposing of
spares, repair parts, and supplies. The process includes provisioning for
initial support, as well as acquiring, distributing, and replenishing
Supportability - The degree to which system design characteristics and
planned logistics resources meet system requirements throughout the
system's service life at an affordable cost.
ATTACHMENT B: Acronyms
ASD-AeroSpace and Defense Industries Association of Europe
CDR-Critical Design Review
DMSMS-Diminishing Manufacturing Sources and Material Shortages
GEIA-Government Electronics Industry Association
GSE-Ground Support Equipment
GIDEP-Government-Industry Data Exchange Program
ILS-Integrated Logistics Support
ILSP-Integrated Logistics Support Plan
JPL-Jet Propulsion Laboratory
LSA-Logistics Support Analysis
NASA-National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NPD-NASA Policy Directive
NPR-NASA Procedural Requirement
PDR-Preliminary Design Review
SDR-System Definition Review
SRR-System Requirements Review
ATTACHMENT C: References
C.1 NPD 4100.1, Supply Support and Material Management Policy.
C.2 NPD 4200.1, Equipment Management.
C.3 NPR 4200.1, NASA Equipment Management Procedural Requirements.
C.4 NPR 4300.1, NASA Personal Property Disposal Procedural Requirements.
C.5 NPR 4310.1, Identification and Disposition of NASA Artifacts.
C.6 NPD 4500.1, Administration of Property in the Custody of Contractors.
SAE GEIA-HB-0007-B, Logistic Product Data Handbook. (available at
C.7 SAE GEIA-STD-927, Common Data Schema for Complex Systems (available at
C.8 SAE GEIA-HB-927, Handbook and Guide for SAE GEIA-927 Common Data
Schema for Complex Systems (available at https://standards.nasa.gov).
C.9 SD-22, Diminishing Manufacturing Sources and Material Shortages-A
Guidebook of Best Practices and Tools for Implementing a Robust DMSMS
Management Program, August 2012 (available at
C.10 Department of Defense, Designing and Assessing Supportability in DoD
Weapon Systems: A Guide to Increased Reliability and Reduced Logistics
Footprint, October 2003 (available at
(URL for Graphic)
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