EXECUTIVE
ORDER
EO 13348
Effective Date: July 27, 2004

Responsible Office: Office of General Counsel
Subject: Blocking Property of Certain Persons and Prohibiting the Importation of Certain Goods from Liberia

Blocking Property of Certain Persons and 
                Prohibiting the Importation of Certain Goods from 
                Liberia

                By the authority vested in me as President by the 
                Constitution and the laws of the United States of 
                America, including the International Emergency Economic 
                Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) (IEEPA), the 
                National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.) 
                (NEA), section 5 of the United Nations Participation 
                Act, as amended (22 U.S.C. 287c) (UNPA), and section 
                301 of title 3, United States Code, and in view of 
                United Nations Security Council Resolutions 1521 of 
                December 22, 2003, and 1532 of March 12, 2004,

                I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
                America, note that the actions and policies of former 
                Liberian President Charles Taylor and other persons, in 
                particular their unlawful depletion of Liberian 
                resources and their removal from Liberia and secreting 
                of Liberian funds and property, have undermined 
                Liberia's transition to democracy and the orderly 
                development of its political, administrative, and 
                economic institutions and resources. I further note 
                that the Comprehensive Peace Agreement signed on August 
                18, 2003, and the related ceasefire have not yet been 
                universally implemented throughout Liberia, and that 
                the illicit trade in round logs and timber products is 
                linked to the proliferation of and trafficking in 
                illegal arms, which perpetuate the Liberian conflict 
                and fuel and exacerbate other conflicts throughout West 
                Africa. I find that the actions, policies, and 
                circumstances described above constitute an unusual and 
                extraordinary threat to the foreign policy of the 
                United States and hereby declare a national emergency 
                to deal with that threat. To address that threat, I 
                hereby order:

                Section 1. (a) Except to the extent provided in section 
                203(b)(1), (3), and (4) of IEEPA (50 U.S.C. 1702(b)(1), 
                (3), and (4)), or regulations, orders, directives, or 
                licenses that may be issued pursuant to this order, and 
                notwithstanding any contract entered into or any 
                license or permit granted prior to the effective date 
                of this order, all property and interests in property 
                of the following persons, that are in the United 
                States, that hereafter come within the United States, 
                or that are or hereafter come within the possession or 
                control of United States persons, are blocked and may 
                not be transferred, paid, exported, withdrawn, or 
                otherwise dealt in:

(i)

 the persons listed in the Annex to this order; and

(ii)

 any person determined by the Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation 
with the Secretary of State:

(A)

 to be or have been an immediate family member of Charles Taylor;

(B)

 to have been a senior official of the former Liberian regime headed by 
Charles Taylor or otherwise to have been or be a close ally or associate of 
Charles Taylor or the former Liberian regime;

(C)

 to have materially assisted, sponsored, or provided financial, material, 
or technological support for, or goods or services in support of, the 
unlawful depletion of Liberian resources, the removal of Liberian resources 
from that country, and the secreting of Liberian funds and property by any 
person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to 
this order; or

[[Page 44886]]

(D)

 to be owned or controlled by, or acting or purporting to act for or on 
behalf of, directly or indirectly, any person whose property and interests 
in property are blocked pursuant to this order.

                (b) I hereby determine that the making of donations of 
                the type of articles specified in section 203(b)(2) of 
                IEEPA (50 U.S.C. 1702(b)(2)) by, to, or for the benefit 
                of, any person whose property or interests in property 
                are blocked pursuant to paragraph (a) of this section 
                would seriously impair my ability to deal with the 
                national emergency declared in this order, and I hereby 
                prohibit such donations as provided by paragraph (a) of 
                this section.

                (c) The prohibitions in paragraph (a) of this section 
                include, but are not limited to,

                    (i) the making of any contribution or provision of 
                funds, goods, or services by, to, or for the benefit 
                of, any person whose property or interests in property 
                are blocked pursuant to this order, and
                    (ii) the receipt of any contribution or provision 
                of funds, goods, or services from any such person.

                Sec. 2. Except to the extent provided in regulations, 
                orders, directives, or licenses that may be issued 
                pursuant to this order, and notwithstanding any 
                contract entered into or any license or permit granted 
                prior to the effective date of this order, the direct 
                or indirect importation into the United States of any 
                round log or timber product originating in Liberia is 
                prohibited.

                Sec. 3. (a) Any transaction by a United States person 
                or within the United States that evades or avoids, has 
                the purpose of evading or avoiding, or attempts to 
                violate any of the prohibitions set forth in this order 
                is prohibited.

                (b) Any conspiracy formed to violate any of the 
                prohibitions set forth in this order is prohibited.

                Sec. 4. For purposes of this order: (a) the term 
                ``person'' means an individual or entity;

                (b) the term ``entity'' means a partnership, 
                association, trust, joint venture, corporation, group, 
                subgroup, or other organization;

                (c) the term ``United States person'' means any United 
                States citizen, permanent resident alien, entity 
                organized under the laws of the United States or any 
                jurisdiction within the United States (including 
                foreign branches), or any person in the United States; 
                and

                (d) the term ``round log or timber product'' means any 
                product classifiable in Chapter 44 of the Harmonized 
                Tariff Schedule of the United States.

                Sec. 5. For those persons whose property and interests 
                in property are blocked pursuant to section 1 of this 
                order who might have a constitutional presence in the 
                United States, I find that because of the ability to 
                transfer funds or other assets instantaneously, prior 
                notice to such persons of measures to be taken pursuant 
                to this order would render these measures ineffectual. 
                I therefore determine that for these measures to be 
                effective in addressing the national emergency declared 
                in this order, there need be no prior notice of a 
                listing or determination made pursuant to section 1 of 
                this order.

                Sec. 6. The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation 
                with the Secretary of State, is hereby authorized to 
                take such actions, including the promulgation of rules 
                and regulations, and to employ all powers granted to 
                the President by IEEPA and UNPA as may be necessary to 
                carry out the purposes of this order. The Secretary of 
                the Treasury may redelegate any of these functions to 
                other officers and agencies of the United States 
                Government, consistent with applicable law. All 
                agencies of the United States Government are hereby 
                directed to take all appropriate measures within their 
                authority to carry out the provisions of this order 
                and, where appropriate, to advise the Secretary of the 
                Treasury in a timely manner of the measures taken.

[[Page 44887]]

                Sec. 7. The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation 
                with the Secretary of State, is hereby authorized to 
                submit the recurring and final reports to the Congress 
                on the national emergency declared in this order, 
                consistent with section 401(c) of NEA, 50 U.S.C. 
                1641(c), and section 204(c) of IEEPA, 50 U.S.C. 
                1703(c).

                Sec. 8. The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation 
                with the Secretary of State, is hereby authorized to 
                determine, subsequent to the issuance of this order, 
                that circumstances no longer warrant the inclusion of a 
                person in the Annex to this order and that the property 
                and interests in property of that person are therefore 
                no longer blocked pursuant to section 1 of this order.

                Sec. 9. This order is not intended to, and does not, 
                create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, 
                enforceable at law or in equity by any party against 
                the United States, its departments, agencies, 
                instrumentalities, or entities, its officers or 
                employees, or any other person.

                Sec. 10. This order is effective at 12:01 a.m. eastern 
                daylight time on July 23, 2004.

                Sec. 11. This order shall be transmitted to the 
                Congress and published in the Federal Register.

                    (Presidential Sig.)B

                THE WHITE HOUSE,

                     July 22, 2004.
		

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