EXECUTIVE
ORDER
EO 13441
Effective Date: August 03, 2007

Responsible Office: Office of Infrastructure
Subject: Blocking Property of Persons Undermining the Sovereignty of Lebanon or Its Democrate Processes and Institutions

Blocking Property of Persons Undermining the 
                Sovereignty of Lebanon or Its Democratic Processes and 
                Institutions

                By the authority vested in me as President by the 
                Constitution and the laws of the United States of 
                America, including the International Emergency Economic 
                Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.)(IEEPA), the 
                National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.)(NEA), 
                and section 301 of title 3, United States Code,

                I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
                America, determine that the actions of certain persons 
                to undermine Lebanon's legitimate and democratically 
                elected government or democratic institutions, to 
                contribute to the deliberate breakdown in the rule of 
                law in Lebanon, including through politically motivated 
                violence and intimidation, to reassert Syrian control 
                or contribute to Syrian interference in Lebanon, or to 
                infringe upon or undermine Lebanese sovereignty 
                contribute to political and economic instability in 
                that country and the region and constitute an unusual 
                and extraordinary threat to the national security and 
                foreign policy of the United States, and I hereby 
                declare a national emergency to deal with that threat. 
                I hereby order:

                Section 1. (a) Except to the extent provided in section 
                203(b)(1), (3), and (4) of IEEPA (50 U.S.C. 1702(b)(1), 
                (3), and (4)), or in regulations, orders, directives, 
                or licenses that may be issued pursuant to this order, 
                and notwithstanding any contract entered into or any 
                license or permit granted prior to the date of this 
                order, all property and interests in property that are 
                in the United States, that hereafter come within the 
                United States, or that are or hereafter come within the 
                possession or control of any United States person, 
                including any overseas branch, of the following persons 
                are blocked and may not be transferred, paid, exported, 
                withdrawn, or otherwise dealt in:

                (i) any person determined by the Secretary of the 
                Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of State:

(A) to have taken, or to pose a significant risk of taking, actions, 
including acts of violence, that have the purpose or effect of undermining 
Lebanon's democratic processes or institutions, contributing to the 
breakdown of the rule of law in Lebanon, supporting the reassertion of 
Syrian control or otherwise contributing to Syrian interference in Lebanon, 
or infringing upon or undermining Lebanese sovereignty;

(B) to have materially assisted, sponsored, or provided financial, 
material, or technological support for, or goods or services in support of, 
such actions, including acts of violence, or any person whose property and 
interests in property are blocked pursuant to this order;

(C) to be a spouse or dependent child of any person whose property and 
interests in property are blocked pursuant to this order; or

(D) to be owned or controlled by, or acting or purporting to act for or on 
behalf of, directly or indirectly, any person whose property and interests 
in property are blocked pursuant to this order.

                (b) I hereby determine that the making of donations of 
                the type of articles specified in section 203(b)(2) of 
                IEEPA (50 U.S.C. 1702(b)(2)) by, to, or for the benefit 
                of any person whose property and interests in property 
                are blocked pursuant to paragraph (a) of this section 
                would seriously impair

[[Page 43500]]

                my ability to deal with the national emergency declared 
                in this order, and I hereby prohibit such donations as 
                provided by paragraph (a) of this section.

                (c)The prohibitions in paragraph (a) of this section 
                include but are not limited to (i) the making of any 
                contribution or provision of funds, goods, or services 
                by, to, or for the benefit of any person whose property 
                and interests in property are blocked pursuant to this 
                order, and (ii) the receipt of any contribution or 
                provision of funds, goods, or services from any such 
                person.

                Sec. 2. (a) Any transaction by a United States person 
                or within the United States that evades or avoids, has 
                the purpose of evading or avoiding, or attempts to 
                violate any of the prohibitions set forth in this order 
                is prohibited.

                (b) Any conspiracy formed to violate any of the 
                prohibitions set forth in this order is prohibited.

                Sec. 3. For the purposes of this order:

                (a) the term ``person' means an individual or entity;

                (b) the term ``entity' means a partnership, 
                association, trust, joint venture, corporation, group, 
                subgroup, or other organization; and

                (c) the term ``United States person' means any United 
                States citizen, permanent resident alien, entity 
                organized under the laws of the United States or any 
                jurisdiction within the United States (including 
                foreign branches), or any person in the United States.

                Sec. 4. For those persons whose property and interests 
                in property are blocked pursuant to this order who 
                might have a constitutional presence in the United 
                States, I find that, because of the ability to transfer 
                funds or other assets instantaneously, prior notice to 
                such persons of measures to be taken pursuant to this 
                order would render these measures ineffectual. I 
                therefore determine that, for these measures to be 
                effective in addressing the national emergency declared 
                in this order, there need be no prior notice of a 
                listing or determination made pursuant to section 1 of 
                this order.

                Sec. 5. The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation 
                with the Secretary of State, is hereby authorized to 
                take such actions, including the promulgation of rules 
                and regulations, and to employ all powers granted to 
                the President by IEEPA, as may be necessary to carry 
                out the purposes of this order. The Secretary of the 
                Treasury may redelegate any of these functions to other 
                officers and agencies of the United States Government, 
                consistent with applicable law. All agencies of the 
                United States Government are hereby directed to take 
                all appropriate measures within their authority to 
                carry out the provisions of this order and, where 
                appropriate, to advise the Secretary of the Treasury in 
                a timely manner of the measures taken. The Secretary of 
                the Treasury shall ensure compliance with those 
                provisions of section 401 of the NEA (50 U.S.C. 1641) 
                applicable to the Department of the Treasury in 
                relation to this order.

                Sec. 6. The Secretary of the Treasury, after 
                consultation with the Secretary of State, is hereby 
                authorized to submit the recurring and final reports to 
                the Congress on the national emergency declared in this 
                order, consistent with section 401(c) of the NEA (50 
                U.S.C. 1641(c)) and section 204(c) of IEEPA (50 U.S.C. 
                1703(c)).

[[Page 43501]]

                Sec. 7. This order is not intended to create, nor does 
                it create, any right, benefit, or privilege, 
                substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in 
                equity by any party against the United States, its 
                departments, agencies, instrumentalities, or entities, 
                its officers or employees, or any other person. 
                
                
                    President, George Bush

                THE WHITE HOUSE,

                    August 1, 2007.
		

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