NASA Procedures and Guidelines
This Document is Obsolete and Is No Longer Used.
P.4 Applicable Documents and Forms
2.1 NASA CI/CT
2.2 NASA CI/CT Special Agents
2.3 CI/CT Liaison
2.4 Intelligence Threat Analysis
2.5 CI/CT Inquiries, Operations, and Investigations
2.6 CI/CT Threat Assessments
2.7 CI Support to NASA Technology Protection
This NASA Procedural Requirement (NPR) implements the requirements for detecting, deterring, neutralizing, and exploiting Counterintelligence (CI) and Counterterrorism (CT) threats to NASA employees, information, technologies, and property by foreign intelligence services, other foreign adversarial entities, and domestic/international terrorism.
This NPR is applicable to NASA Headquarters (HQ), NASA Centers, and NASA Component Facilities, to include Technical and Service Support Centers. This language applies to the Jet Propulsion Laboratory and other contractors only to the extent specified or referenced in the appropriate contracts or agreements.
a. National Aeronautics and Space Act, as amended, 51 U.S.C. § 20132.
b. National Aeronautics and Space Act, as amended, 51 U.S.C. § 20113.
c. NASA Policy Directive (NPD) 1660.1B, NASA Counterintelligence Policy.
a. The Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1995, Section 811, as amended, 50 U.S.C. § 402a.
b. 14 C.F.R. PART 1203b - Security Programs; Arrest Authority and Use of Force by NASA Security Force Personnel.
c. NPR 7120.5, NASA Space Flight Program and Project Management Requirements.
d. NPR 7120.7, NASA Information Technology and Institutional Infrastructure Program and Project Management Requirements.
e. NPR 7120.8, NASA Research and Technology Program and Project Management Requirements.
f. NPR 9700.1, NASA Federal Travel Regulations Supplement (NFTRS), as amended.
g. NPR 1600.1, NASA Security Program Procedural Requirements.
h. NASA/FBI Memorandum of Understanding (Classified Document).
i. Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between the OIG and OPS, dated February 3, 2011.
j. NASA CI/CT Operating Instructions (Classified Documents).
The NASA HQ Office of Protective Services (OPS) CI/CT Division Director is responsible for this directive. Verification of compliance and effectiveness of this NPR at NASA HQ, NASA Centers, and NASA Component Facilities to include the Technical and Service Support Center shall be based on the HQ CI/CT Division's oversight of CI/CT inquiries, operations, investigations, and metrics as developed and approved by the Assistant Administrator (AA) for HQ OPS and the CI/CT Division Director with the concurrence of the NASA Administrator.
NPR 1660.1, Counterintelligence/Counterterrorism Procedural Requirements (December 21, 2004).
Dr. Woodrow Whitlow, Jr.
Associate Administrator for Mission Support Directorate
NASA Counterintelligence and Counterterrorism (CI/CT) activities are conducted in accordance with NASA CI/CT Operating Instructions and memoranda of understanding (MOU) established with the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and other agencies. These instructions and MOAs provide additional and more specific guidance not included in this NPR due to the classified nature of the information. These procedures and requirements have been developed to allow flexibility, using established risk management strategies, to meet unique situations that may exist Agency wide.
1.2.1 The AA for NASA HQ Office of Protective Services (OPS) is responsible for NASA CI/CT and shall implement the policies and responsibilities of this NPR. The AA for OPS designates the HQ OPS CI/CT Division Director as having overall responsibility to manage and administer the NASA CI/CT program to include prioritizing program objectives; identifying resources, training, and equipment needs; and directly supervising the CI Special Agents (CISA) assigned at NASA HQ and Center CI offices.
1.2.2. The HQ OPS CI/CT Division Director is responsible for the operational management of NASA CI/CT activities to include inquiries, operations, and investigations occurring at NASA HQ, Centers, and Component Facilities, to include Technical and Service Support Centers. The CI/CT Division Director is the Agency's singular point of contact for all NASA CI/CT matters, to include Cyber CI matters, and for coordinating those matters within NASA, the U.S. Intelligence Community (USIC), and other departments and agencies. The CI/CT Division Director shall:
a. Establish an Agency-wide CI/CT capability that protects NASA personnel, information, missions, and resources from foreign intelligence collection and terrorist activities. This capability must also detect and deter "trusted insiders" who would engage in activities on behalf of a foreign intelligence service or terrorist entity.
b. Designate HQ OPS CI/CT Division Operation Managers.
c. Designate Lead CISAs at HQ and Center CI offices.
d. Prepare performance goals and standards for CISAs.
e. Establish CI/CT Operating Instructions for CISAs.
f. Establish standards of training and proficiency for CISAs commensurate with USIC standards.
g. Approve and provide oversight on all NASA CI/CT inquiries, operations, and investigations.
h. Ensure NASA CI/CT facilities meet all applicable security requirements for the use and protection of classified matter.
i. Establish a CI/CT awareness and education program for all NASA employees and contractors, to include authorized contractors operating under contract who are not located at NASA HQ or a NASA Center. The program will consist of periodic and refresher threat briefings to reinforce and update awareness of CI/CT issues and employee reporting responsibilities.
j. Establish processes for NASA employees and contractors to report suspicious foreign contacts, indicators of actual or suspected CI/CT activities, and actual or suspected espionage to CISAs.
k. Establish a defensive CI/CT travel briefing and debriefing program for NASA employees and contractors traveling to designated countries and high-threat locations.
l. Establish a defensive CI/CT briefing and debriefing program for NASA employees and contractors hosting or escorting foreign nationals from designated countries and high-threat locations.
m. Provide CI support to NASA technology protection programs and activities as it relates to NASA Critical Information (NCI).
n. Brief the AA for OPS on NASA CI/CT threats, inquiries, operations, and investigations.
o. Ensure the NASA Administrator and senior executives are kept apprised of significant issues of potential CI/CT concern and serve as primary advisor to the Administrator on CI/CT matters.
p. Establish and foster a collaborative and reciprocal relationship with the NASA HQ Office of Inspector General (OIG) to foster appropriate communication and coordination concerning CI/CT matters and to ensure mutual exchange of information.
1.2.3 NASA HQ managers and Center Directors shall support established NASA CI offices and activities located at their facilities. HQ managers and Center Directors shall:
a. Direct HQ and Center employees and contractors to attend CI/CT awareness and education briefings, foreign travel briefings and debriefings, and foreign visitor escort briefings and debriefings as required by this NPR; NPR 9700.1, NASA Federal Travel Regulations Supplement (NFTRS); and NPR 1600.1, NASA Security Program Procedural Requirements. HQ managers and Center Directors establish local policy and procedures to ensure compliance with this requirement.
b. Ensure HQ and Center program/project managers consider CI services and support in their pre-project planning, acquisition, and functional activity phases to ensure a proper level of CI support to NASA technology protection programs and activities, as it relates to NCI.
c. Ensure timely logistical support is provided to HQ/Center CISAs for the resolution of CI/CT inquiries, operations, and investigations.
d. Promote an effective working relationship between HQ/Center CI offices and HQ/Center offices to include the Protective Service Offices and other Center functions such as Mission Directorates, Mission Support Offices, program and project offices, export control administrators, public affairs, information technology security, and the NASA OIG.
e. Center Directors will ensure CISAs assigned to their Center have appropriate office space and furniture (to include basic IT and communication support) necessary to operate in a secure and mission effective environment.
1.2.4 The Lead CISA at NASA HQ and at each Center CI office shall:
a. Implement an effective CI/CT awareness program to educate NASA management and employees regarding the nature of foreign intelligence threats and domestic/international terrorism.
b. Implement local processes to assess CI/CT concerns and evaluate reporting regarding suspicious foreign contacts and indicators of actual or suspected espionage or terrorism activities.
c. Conduct and coordinate all NASA CI/CT inquiries, operations, and investigations in accordance with NASA HQ CI/CT Division policy, Operating Instructions, and the MOU established with the FBI and other agencies as required.
d. Document all NASA CI/CT inquiries, operations, and investigations in the NASA CI Investigations Management System (NCIMS).
e. Manage CI office files and investigative records in accordance with NASA records management and retention schedules.
f. Conduct defensive CI/CT briefings and debriefings of HQ/Center employees and contractors traveling to designated countries or high-threat locations.
g. Conduct defensive CI/CT briefings and debriefings of HQ/Center employees and contractors hosting or escorting foreign visitors from designated countries or high-threat locations.
h. Identify NCI and accomplish CI Technology Threat Assessments.
i. Provide CI support to NASA technology protection programs and activities.
j. Coordinate local observations or activities concerning CI/CT incidents, trends, or threats with the HQ CI/CT Operations Manager and other NASA CISAs to ensure an Agency-wide protection posture.
k. Conduct liaison with the FBI, USIC, DoD CI/CT components, and other Federal, state, and local agencies concerning CI/CT matters.
l. Establish effective working relations with Center Protective Service Offices, Mission Directorates, Mission Support Offices, program and project managers, IT security managers, export control administrators, public affairs, and other key Center officials.
m. Brief the HQ CI/CT Operations Manager on all ongoing CI/CT inquiries, operations, and investigations.
n. Ensure Center Directors are kept apprised of CI/CT matters affecting their Centers. Limit briefings to only those individuals with a strict need to know.
o. Provide unclassified and/or classified CI/CT awareness and foreign intelligence threat briefings to NASA HQ/Center senior managers, Protective Service Offices, Mission Directorates, Mission Support Offices, and key program/project managers to reinforce and update awareness of CI/CT issues.
p. Establish and foster a collaborative and reciprocal relationship with the NASA OIG to foster appropriate communication and coordination concerning CI/CT matters and to ensure mutual exchange of information.
1.2.5 NASA Mission Directorates, Mission Support Offices, and program and project managers are responsible for the protection of NASA employees, contractors, and resources, as specified by NPR 7120.5, NASA Space Flight Program and Project Management Requirements; NPR 7120.8, NASA Research and Technology Program and Project Management Requirements; and NPR 7120.7, NASA Information Technology and Institutional Infrastructure Program and Project Management Requirements. Accordingly, Mission Directorates, Mission Support Offices, and program/project managers shall:
a. Upon request, provide HQ/Center CISAs with an overview of their programs and projects to assist in determining the potential presence of sensitive information and/or NASA Critical Information (NCI).
b. Upon request, provide HQ/Center CISAs access to relevant program/project information, files, and personnel to assist them in establishing and providing the proper level of CI support to a sensitive program/project or NCI.
c. Upon request, direct program/project managers and personnel to attend CI awareness and foreign intelligence threat briefings to ensure currency and relevance of CI/CT threat information. Key managers and program/project personnel must be briefed at the classified level when appropriate.
d. Notify HQ/Center CISAs of any incidents, events, or circumstances of actual or suspected loss or compromise of sensitive but unclassified information, classified national security information (CNSI), and NCI.
e. Notify HQ/Center CISAs of any occurrences of unusual or suspicious contact between NASA employees and foreign nationals.
f. Ensure NASA employees immediately report any information concerning actual or suspected espionage to their respective HQ/Center CISAs.
1.2.6 The NASA HQ OPS Safeguards Division receives and analyzes USIC reporting, as well as identifies and promulgates other intelligence products to support NASA's needs. In support of the NASA HQ OPS CI/CT Division, the Safeguards Division shall:
a. Initiate, develop, and maintain the NASA Intelligence Threat Analysis Program and ensure senior managers are familiar with the program's objectives.
b. Develop and present appropriate analytical products to the HQ CI/CT Division.
c. Provide analysis of NASA CI/CT inquiries, operations, and investigations.
d. Provide updated NASA CI/CT threat assessments, semi-annually or annually or as required, and tailored to the specific audience of the program/project-level management at the Center or implementing organization.
e. Prepare, coordinate, and provide NASA CI/CT threat analysis products for NCI, facilities, and programs, including support to CI technology threat assessments.
1.2.7 NASA employees and contractors are required to protect sensitive but unclassified information, CNSI, and NCI in accordance with Federal and NASA requirements. Accordingly, NASA employees and contractors shall immediately inform CISAs of:
a. Any incidents of actual or suspected loss or compromise of sensitive but unclassified information, CNSI, and NCI.
b. Any unusual or suspicious overtures by foreign nationals or representatives of a foreign entity to acquire NASA information outside established channels, whether or not sensitive but unclassified, CNSI, or other information that is believed to be in jeopardy;
c. Any information regarding suspected or actual espionage activities that they have knowledge of.
d. Any information regarding suspected or actual terrorist threat information or terrorist threat indicators.
1.2.8 NASA employees and contractors are required to receive a foreign travel briefing prior to official travel and a debriefing once travel is completed. If the individual is visiting a designated or high-threat country/location, the employee must contact the local CISA for a personalized briefing and debriefing. If the employee is going to a non-designated country, the individual may complete the travel briefing and debriefing via the links in the automated e-mail from the NASA HQ OPS CI/CT Division Safeguards CI/CT system. For non-official travel, employees and contractors are highly encouraged to contact the servicing NASA CI office for foreign travel briefings.
Primarily, NASA CI/CT efforts are designed to identify and mitigate threats from foreign intelligence services and terrorists toward NASA employees, to obtain information (including classified and sensitive information from other departments/agencies in NASA's possession), or to harm operations and facilities. CI/CT activities support the mission of detecting, deterring, neutralizing, and exploiting such threats to NASA. NASA CI/CT enables detection and deterrence of threats by means of CI/CT awareness, defensive CI/CT briefings and debriefings, and by the conduct of CI/CT inquiries, operations, and investigations.
a. NASA HQ OPS CI/CT Division CISAs are Federal civil servants assigned to the NASA HQ and Centers. CISAs should be career CI/CT professionals. They carry NASA badges and credentials, have Federal Arrest Authority certification, and authorized to bear arms in accordance with 14 C.F.R. Part 1203b, Security Programs; Arrest Authority and Use of Force by NASA Security Force Personnel. They conduct NASA CI/CT inquiries, operations, and investigations. CISAs provide defensive CI/CT foreign travel briefings and debriefings to NASA employees conducting foreign travel, to include CI briefings to NASA employees hosting or escorting foreign visitors, as well other CI/CT awareness briefings as needed. CISAs operate under the supervision and oversight of the NASA HQ OPS CI/CT Division Director.
b. If there is more than one CISA assigned at a HQ or Center CI office, the NASA HQ OPS CI/CT Division Director will designate one as the Lead Agent. The Lead Agent will direct the CI/CT activities of the office consistent with the intent of the Director. The other assigned CISAs work under the operational control of the Lead Agent. The Lead Agent is also a working agent, and the title "Lead Agent" should not be construed as being strictly supervisory in nature. The Director expects the Lead Agent to be aware of all CI/CT activities taking place on the Center, to guide the activities of any other assigned CISAs, and to bring to the attention of the Director any performance, character, or discipline issues involving the other assigned CISAs.
National-level USIC liaison is established and maintained by the NASA HQ OPS CI/CT Division Director in support of NASA CI/CT responsibilities. NASA HQ managers and Center Directors maintain CI/CT contacts, via NASA CISAs, with Federal, state, and local law enforcement to support CI/CT responsibilities.
The NASA HQ OPS Safeguards Division monitors USIC reporting for threat information relating to NASA employees, facilities, and operational technologies as part of their intelligence analytical function. Current threat analysis products are developed or obtained for dissemination to key NASA customers, projects, and facilities.
All NASA CI/CT inquiries, operations, and investigations shall be conducted in accordance with NASA CI/CT Operating Instructions and the NASA/FBI MOU. NASA CISAs conduct inquiries, operations, and investigations based on reported CI/CT information, incidents, and allegations. When investigations or inquiries reach the referral threshold as mandated by Section 811 of the 1995 Intelligence Authorization Act, they are immediately referred to the FBI. CISAs assist the FBI in the resolution of Section 811 referrals or other NASA CI/CT matters that are external to NASA, but involve NASA equities, to ensure the proper protection of those equities. Reported CI/CT information, incidents, and allegations that do not involve CI/CT issues but are potentially prosecutable offenses, must be reported to the NASA OIG, in accordance with the MOU between the OIG and OPS, dated February 3, 2011.
NASA HQ OPS CISAs conduct CI/CT threat assessments that focus on evaluating the threat of foreign intelligence, terrorist, and foreign adversarial collection capabilities as they relate to NASA employees, information, and facilities. CISAs conduct CI-focused threat assessments of sensitive NASA programs, projects, and developing technologies to provide NASA Center leadership, Mission Directorates, Mission Support Offices, and program and project managers an overall understanding of the foreign intelligence or terrorism threat. The assessments can be tailored to meet the needs of a specific NASA requestor and are designed to provide decision-makers with a realistic tool to evaluate internal protection or security measures to further enhance the protection of NASA equities. CISAs also conduct annual Center-specific CI/CT threat assessments.
NASA CISAs support the NASA Technology Protection Program and related activities by providing focused, specialized CI services and functions to protect information and technologies critical to NASA mission success and United States supremacy in key research, technologies, and components related to space sciences, exploration, and applications from threats posed by foreign adversaries. CISAs work closely with NASA program/project managers to assess and identify potential critical information or technologies and to negotiate proper levels of CI support. At a minimum, CISAs provide CI briefings, travel briefings and debriefings, sensitive briefings regarding a foreign visitor, and conduct tailored CI technology threat assessments. CISAs do not physically protect information or technologies. Rather, they provide advice and guidance to program/project managers to help them understand CI threats and vulnerabilities and to apply the appropriate countermeasures toward those threats and vulnerabilities.
Counterespionage - actions undertaken to detect, neutralize, or exploit espionage activities through identification, penetration, manipulation, or deception of individuals, groups, or organizations suspected of espionage activities.
Counterintelligence (CI) - information gathered and activities conducted to protect against espionage, sabotage, and other intelligence activities conducted for or on behalf of foreign powers, organizations or persons, or international and domestic terrorist activities. Counterintelligence functions are distinct from, but work cooperatively with Federal agency security disciplines.
CI/CT Awareness Program - classified and unclassified briefings designed to educate NASA management and employees regarding the nature of foreign intelligence threats and domestic/international terrorism. Provides management and employees with information they can use to mitigate threats and guidance on individual reporting requirements.
CI/CT Inquiry/Investigation - a controlled and systematic collection of information regarding a person or group that is or may be engaged in espionage activity, sabotage, or international and domestic terrorist activities conducted for or on behalf of foreign powers, organizations, or other persons or entities.
CI/CT Investigative Case Types -
Request For Assistance: a request (normally by the USIC) for NASA administrative information or records for official CI/CT purposes.
Threat Assessment: a limited review and assessment of information, events, or incidents of potential CI/CT concern to determine if a basis exists for opening a NASA preliminary investigation.
Preliminary Investigation: a limited gathering of facts to establish reasonable belief that a NASA employee is or is not acting for or on behalf of an event that is related to a foreign power engaged in espionage, to include domestic or international terrorism.
Full Investigation: a CI/CT investigation conducted jointly with or in support of an FBI full investigation.
CI/CT Special Agent (CISA) - a CI/CT professional operating under the authority of the NASA HQ OPS CI/CT Division. CISAs are appointed and certified by the HQ OPS CI/CT Division Director to conduct CI/CT inquiries, operations, and investigations. CISAs are assigned at established CI/CT offices at NASA HQ and at each NASA Center. CISAs are authorized to carry credentials and firearms in accordance with 14 C.F.R. Part 1203b, Security Programs; Arrest Authority and Use of Force by NASA Security Force Personnel.
Counterterrorism (CT) - a NASA CI/CT activity to protect NASA employees and property from terrorist activities, both domestic and international.
Damage Assessment - a systematic and documented analysis that determines the damage to national security or other impact on compromised NASA sensitive but unclassified, classified national security information, or NASA critical information.
Espionage - (1) intelligence activity directed toward the acquisition of information through clandestine means proscribed by the laws of the country against which it is committed or (2) overt, covert, or clandestine activity designed to obtain information relating to the national defense with intent or reason to believe that it will be used to injure information of the United States or to the advantage of a foreign nation. (For espionage crimes, generally, see 18 U.S.C. Sections 792 - 799).
Foreign Travel Briefings and Debriefings - a service provided to NASA employees and contractors prior to travel outside the United States to designated countries and high-threat locations for official assignment, official travel, or unofficial travel, in accordance with
NPR 1600.1, NASA Security Program Procedural Requirements and NPR 1660.1B, NASA Counterintelligence Policy. The briefings inform employees of current CI/CT threats and minimize employee vulnerability to foreign intelligence services, technical exploitation, and terrorist organizations or extremists that may pose a danger during travel. Once travel is completed, employees are debriefed.
Foreign National Visit Briefings and Debriefings - a service provided to NASA employees and contractors prior to hosting foreign national visitors from designated countries and high-threat locations at NASA facilities. The briefings inform employees of potential CI risks and behaviors associated with hosting foreign visits. Once a visit is completed, employees are debriefed.
Intelligence Liaison - official contacts between NASA and the USIC directly related to espionage, counterintelligence, counterterrorism, or other intelligence community products and activities that support NASA programs and mission.
Lead CISA - the CISA assigned at a NASA CI/CT office designated as such by the CI/CT Division Director, who manages the day-to-day CI/CT office activities, and represents the CI/CT Division Director to Center officials and the liaison organizations.
NASA Critical Information (NCI) - NCI is information which NASA is responsible for that is related to research, technologies, projects, programs, or systems that, if released outside established protocols, would: significantly affect NASA resources, require additional research, development, tests, or evaluation to overcome the adverse affects of unauthorized release; significantly reduce the performance or effectiveness of NASA research, projects, technologies, programs, or systems; or negatively alter the direction of NASA research, projects, technologies, programs, or systems, thus reducing NASA's and the Nation's advantage in space technologies.
Operations Manager - a senior CI/CT professional who acts on behalf of the HQ OPS CI/CT Division Director. The Operations Manager monitors, assists, and oversees designated CI offices and their CI/CT activities.
Section 811 Referral - Section 811 of the Intelligence Authorization Act of 1995 (50 U.S.C. 402a) is the statutory authority that governs the coordination of counterespionage investigations between Executive Branch departments or agencies and the FBI. Section 811 referrals are the reports made by Executive Branch agencies or departments to the FBI under Section 811 (c) (1) (a) that advise the FBI of any information, regardless of its origin, which may indicate that classified information is being or may have been disclosed in an unauthorized manner to a foreign power or an agent of a foreign power.
Unauthorized Disclosure or Compromise - a communication or physical transfer of classified information to an unauthorized recipient. An unauthorized recipient is someone without a security clearance, or a person that holds a security clearance but has no need to know the information, or any other person or organization that is not routinely authorized access to U.S. classified information and that does not require that information to accomplish a mission in support of U.S. national security.
Classified National Security Information (CNSI) - Information that must be protected against unauthorized disclosure in alignment with Exec. Order No. 12958, "Classified National Security Information, as amended, and is marked to indicate its classified status when in documentary form (confidential, secret, top secret).
|CISA||CI/CT Special Agents|
|CNSI||Classified National Security Information|
|CIP||Critical Infrastructure Protection|
|FBI||Federal Bureau of Investigation|
|MOU||Memoranda of Understanding|
|NPD||NASA Policy Directive|
|NPR||NASA Procedural Requirements|
|NSC||National Security Council|
|OIG||NASA Office of the Inspector General|
|OPS||Office of Protective Services|
|PDD||Presidential Decision Directive|
|USC||United States Code|
|USIC||United States Intelligence Community|
5 U.S.C. 552a, The Privacy Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-579), as amended.
5 U.S.C. 552(b) (1)-(9), Exemptions, Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), as amended.
5 U.S.C. 7312, Employment and Clearance, Individuals Removed for National Security Reasons.
5 U.S.C. 7532, Suspension and Removal
12 U.S.C. 3401 - 3422, The Right to Financial Privacy Act of 1978 (Title XI of Public Law 95-630, November 10, 1978), as amended.
18 U.S.C. 793, Gathering, Transmitting or Losing Defense Information.
18 U.S.C. 798, Disclosure of Classified Information.
18 U.S.C. 799, Violation of Regulations of National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
18 U.S.C. 951, Agents of Foreign Governments.
18 U.S.C. 1831 - 1839, Title I of the Economic Espionage Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-294, October 11, 1996), as amended.
50 U.S.C. 1801 et seq., Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 (Public Law 95-511, October 25, 1978), as amended.
Exec. Order No. 10450, Security Requirements for Government Employees (April 27, 1953, 3 C.F.R 1949 - 1953 Compilation at p. 936), as amended.
Exec. Order No. 12333, United States Intelligence Activities, (December 4, 1981, 3 C.F.R. 1982 Compilation at p. 200), as amended.
Exec. Order No. 12958, Classified National Security Information (April 17, 1995, 3 C.F.R. 1995 Compilation), as amended.
Exec. Order No. 12968, Access to Classified Information (August 2, 1995, 3 C.F.R. 1995 Compilation), as amended.
Presidential Decision Directive (PDD)/National Security Council (NSC)-12, Security Awareness and Reporting Foreign Contacts (August 5, 1993), as amended.
PDD/NSC 39, Counterterrorism Policy (June 21, 1995), as amended.
PDD 62, Protection Against Unconventional Threats to the Homeland and Americans Overseas (May 22, 1998), as amended.
PDD 63, Critical Infrastructure Protection (May 22, 1998), as amended.
NPD 1440.6, NASA Records Management.
NPD 1600.2, NASA Security Policy.
NPD 2810.1, NASA Information Security Policy.
NPR 1441.1, NASA Records Retention Schedules.
NPR 1620.2, Physical Security Vulnerability Risk Assessments.
NPR 2190.1, NASA Export Control Program.
NPR 2810.1, Security of Information Technology.
National Counterintelligence Strategy of the United States of America.