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NASA Ball NASA
Procedural
Requirements
NPR 2810.1A
Effective Date: May 16, 2006
Expiration Date: January 31, 2021
COMPLIANCE IS MANDATORY FOR NASA EMPLOYEES
Printable Format (PDF)

(NASA Only)

Subject: Security of Information Technology (Revalidated with Change 1, dated May 19, 2011)

Responsible Office: Office of the Chief Information Officer


| TOC | ChangeHistory | Preface | Chapter1 | Chapter2 | Chapter3 | Chapter4 | AppendixA | AppendixB | AppendixC | AppendixD | AppendixE | ALL |

Appendix A: Definitions

 

Term

Definition

A.1

Authorization to Operate

The formal acceptance, by an Authorizing Official, that the security of an information system’s operation is commensurate with the risk and magnitude of harm resulting from a compromise of that system’s confidentiality, integrity, and availability.

A.2

Boundary Protection

The security safeguards or countermeasures in place on an information system’s logical and physical perimeters.

A.3

Common Control

A security safeguard or countermeasure which may be designed, implemented, and assessed at a level which encompasses one or more information systems.

A.4

Continuous Monitoring

The ongoing, and often high-frequency, assessment of an information system’s security posture usually enabled through the use of automated tools which measure the effectiveness of specific security controls.

A.5

External Information System

Any information system which is either owned, or operated by an organization other than NASA, and which processes, maintains, uses, shares, disseminates, or dispositions NASA data.

A.6

Handbook

An Agency-level, SAISO-approved document which prescribes the best practices, policies, and procedures regarding various information system security topics.

A.7

Hybrid Control

A security safeguard or countermeasure which requires system-specific consideration and may also be partially designed, implemented, and assessed at a level which encompasses one or more information systems.

A.8

Incident

Any adverse event or situation associated with a system that poses a threat to the system’s integrity, availability, or confidentiality

A.9

Information Security

The protection of an information system’s confidentiality, integrity, and availability.

A.10

Information System

A discrete set of resources designed and implemented for the collection, processing, maintenance, use, sharing, dissemination, or disposition of information.

A.11

Internal Information System

Any information system which is owned and operated by NASA.

A.12

Least Privilege

The concept of limiting the flexibility of use an information system user or component has, to the degree necessary to perform a specified role.

A.13

Management Control

The collection of supervisory NIST SP 800-53 controls dedicated to information system security.

A.14

NASA Center

Any of the collection of facilities and installations designated by NASA, and usually grouped by function (e.g., research, construction, administration).

A.15

NASA Information

Any data which is collected, generated, maintained, or controlled on behalf of the Agency.

A.16

NASA User

Any explicitly authorized patron of a NASA information system.

A.17

Near Real-Time (Risk Assessment)

An analysis of an information system’s security posture which closely reflects the immediate state of the system.

A.18

Non-Digital Media

Any non-electronic information storage medium (e.g., paper).

A.19

Ongoing Authorizations

The continuous acceptance of an information system’s operation based on a real-time understanding of the system’s security posture.

A.20

Operational Control

The collection of strategic NIST SP 800-53 controls dedicated to information system security.

A.21

Organizationally-Defined Values

Those details of certain security controls which are meant to be determined by the managing entity.

Typically, a memo delivered annually by the OCIO which defines specific details of a security controls implementation.

A.22

Risk Assessment

The value-based analysis of an information system’s security posture.

A.23

Risk Management

A framework defined by NIST SP 800-37, Guide for Applying the Risk Management Framework to Federal Information Systems

A.24

Security Posture

The overall state of an information system’s confidentiality, integrity, and availability in the face of an ever-changing risk landscape.

A.25

Technical Control

The collection of tactical NIST SP 800-53 controls dedicated to information system security.

 



| TOC | ChangeHistory | Preface | Chapter1 | Chapter2 | Chapter3 | Chapter4 | AppendixA | AppendixB | AppendixC | AppendixD | AppendixE | ALL |
 
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