Effective Date: December 19, 2014
Expiration Date: December 19, 2020
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2.1.1 The NASA Chief Technologist is responsible for the overall management of this directive as well as for the following:
a. Ensuring that all NASA technology transfer program activities are in compliance with NPR 7500.1.
b. Providing strategic guidance and leadership with regard to NASA technology transfer activities.
c. Serving as the Headquarters point of contact for Center Technology Transfer Officers (See Section 2.4) and serving as the Agency's Inter-Agency interface for technology transfer matters.
d. Developing and maintaining well-defined metrics for measuring the performance of technology transfer Agency-wide.
e. Providing an Agency-wide information system for collecting and maintaining NASA technology transfer data and metrics.
f. Communicating the societal benefits of NASA's technology transfer activities.
g. Providing the necessary guidance, templates, and tools to establish and maintain an agency-wide integrated portfolio of NASA technologies and a common, consistent format for communicating to external parties across centers with regards to NASA Technology Transfer.
2.1.2 The Chief Technologist may delegate this authority.
2.2.1 Mission Directorate Associate Administrators, Program Managers, and Project Managers are responsible for the following:
a. Developing methods for identifying new innovations developed under their cognizance and ensuring that they are reported to the Center Technology Transfer Officer (See Section 2.4) in a timely manner.
b. Supporting the NASA Chief Technologist and Center Technology Transfer Officers in conducting technology transfer activities related to innovations previously developed, or being developed, under their cognizance. Support includes but should not be limited to:
(1) Promptly identifying and reporting new innovations as they are realized; recommending potential commercial/secondary applications for use of these innovations.
(2) Encouraging innovator engagement in technology transfer and commercialization activities.
(3) Developing and implementing technology development partnerships that lead to other commercial uses of NASA sponsored research and technology, and
(4) Designating a point of contact in each Space Flight and Research & Technology Program to serve as a Technology Transfer Liaison, responsible for interfacing with the Center Technology Transfer Officer to ensure that program activities related to the development and transfer of NASA technologies are coordinated with Center Technology Transfer Offices.
2.3.1 NASA Center Directors are responsible for the following:
a. Implementing a technology transfer program within their respective Centers consistent with the provisions of 15 U.S.C. 3710, this NPR, and all other applicable laws and regulations.
b. Appointing a Center Technology Transfer Officer (CTTO) responsible for ensuring that all Center technology transfer activities are conducted efficiently, effectively and in compliance with this policy.
c. Including in the position description and performance plans of all individuals contributing to the development of new technology and related processes (e.g., program/project managers, scientists, technology transfer specialists, procurement officers, intellectual property attorneys), a statement delineating their responsibilities with regard to NASA technology transfer.
d. Providing support for appropriate utilization of Center technological assets for the benefit of the U.S. economy. Reimbursable work not geared toward the transfer of identified NASA innovations is the responsibility of the Field Center, and not within the scope of the Technology Transfer Officer.
e. Demonstrating that technical staff, Contracting Officers, and Management have been trained in their responsibilities for New Technology Reporting.
a. Contributing to development and maintenance of a robust portfolio of NASA intellectual property assets with commercial potential to preserve NASA's ability to license inventions arising from NASA-funded research or development in which NASA has an ownership interest, in accordance with NPD 2090.6.
b. Dispositioning all New Technology Reports received with regards to technology transfer, addressing items such as ownership of rights, commercial potential, technology transfer plans, intellectual property protection and/or NTR closure. Documenting all NTR dispositions in NASA Technology Transfer System (NTTS) database (see Section 2.7)
c. Collecting, validating, providing and maintaining quality and accurate technology transfer data within the Agency-wide technology transfer information management system (see Section 2.7).
d. Managing resources, staff and organization necessary to execute the above two functions as needed for their Centers and in contribution to the Agency's technology transfer efforts.
e. Ensuring, to the extent feasible, awareness at their Centers that new innovations must be reported.
f. Developing and implementing mechanisms to ensure that new innovations are reported fully and in a timely manner.
g. Identifying potential technology transfer licenses and partnerships and providing valid and current data on those activities, including the investment estimates where appropriate.
h. Collecting and reviewing available data on technology transfer licenses and partnerships to determine if these activities have produced any significant commercialization results.
i. Supporting the Chief Technologist in any metrics reporting activities to the NASA Administrator, the Administration, the U.S. Congress, or other stakeholders as needed.
j. Consulting with Center Patent/Intellectual Property Counsel, or their designee(s), early in the licensing process so that complete, effective, and timely legal review can be accomplished, and informing Counsel of significant issues throughout the licensing process, particularly when any substantive changes to the NASA standard license agreement(s) are being considered, so Counsel (or designee) can assist, as needed, in the negotiation of any such changes.
k. Supporting Agency-wide Technology Transfer Program activities, including participating in Agency-wide pilots and initiatives, regular participation in Agency-wide working groups, and working, when possible, to bundle intellectual property assets for the increased benefit of partners and licensees.
l. Appointing a New Technology Representative, responsible for processing of disclosures of innovation by civil servants and/or recipients of NASA contracts, grants, or cooperative agreements, including issuing, acknowledgement of receipt, distribution and coordinating reviews.
m. Engaging in partnerships with local, state, and regional organizations to promote technology transfer.
m. Conducting commercialization and technical viability assessments for technologies that have potential for transfer to industry.
n. Preparing application assessments for selected research and development projects in which the center is engaged and which in the opinion of the center may have potential commercial applications.
o. Reporting center technology transfer activities to their respective Center Management and NASA Headquarters.
2.4.2 The Center Technology Transfer Officer is responsible for ensuring that all technology transfer activities at their respective Centers are conducted efficiently, effectively and in compliance with applicable U.S. laws and regulations, and this policy.
2.5.1 The Associate General Counsel, Commercial and Intellectual Property Law Practice Group, (for Headquarters activities) and Center Patent/Intellectual Property Counsels (for Center activities) are responsible for:
a. Reviewing all activities in support of the requirements of this NPR for compliance with applicable laws, regulations and policy.
b. Protecting the intellectual property assets Agency-wide and/or of their respective Centers.
c. Making patentability assessments, including prior art searches, as needed, or as recommended by the Center Technology Transfer Officer or his/her delegate.
d. Timely filing and prosecution of patents on NASA-owned and jointly-owned intellectual property, based primarily on taking into account the recommendations of the Center Technology Transfer Officer or his/her delegate in determining the commercial potential of the technology.
2.6.1 A NASA Innovator is a NASA employee who conceives of or assists in the development of a new innovation. The NASA employee inventor is responsible for:
a. Reporting the innovation according to policy set forth in NPD 2091.1 "Inventions Made by Government Employees."
b. Assisting the Center Technology Transfer Officer, or delegate, in determining the commercial potential for the innovation.
c. Working with Center Patent Attorneys, as needed, if the invention is to have a patent application filed on it, so as to obtain appropriate protection for the invention.
d. Working with the Center Technology Transfer Officer, or delegate, to pursue potential technology transfer opportunities.
e. Pursuing, if feasible, technology transfer partnerships that could further benefit and/or develop the innovation.
2.6.2 A Partner Innovator, as used herein, is an employee of a NASA Partner who makes an innovation in the performance of work under a NASA-funded contract, grant or cooperative agreement. The NASA Partner is responsible for reporting these innovations in accordance with the requirements of their contract, grant or cooperative agreement, where applicable.
2.7.1 The NTTS is the Agency-wide database that will be used to document and track all activities related to the process of technology transfer. Center Technology Transfer Officers are responsible for ensuring, to the extent feasible, that data in the system are complete and accurate.
2.8.1 The NASA Chief Financial Officer (CFO) and Center CFOs are responsible for:
a. Developing guidelines for NASA accounting and distribution of royalties and other payments received under license agreements.
b. Ensuring funds obtained pursuant to licensing agreements be dispersed in accordance with NPD 2092.1 and NPR 2092.1.
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