Effective Date: August 01, 2017
Expiration Date: August 01, 2022
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8.1.1 The purpose of this chapter is to ensure that specific requirements relating to operational and facility hazards during the construction, activation, operations, and disposal stages are considered during the earlier life-cycle phases of project development and planning. The goal is to reduce the occurrence and impact of these hazards. These requirements should be considered with equal weight as functional project objectives and to ensure that appropriate resources are allocated for safe facility management over its entire life cycle.
8.1.2 This chapter establishes procedural requirements for the safety and mission success of NASA facilities throughout their life cycle, consistent with the requirements of the NASA Facilities and Real Estate Division (including NPD 8820.2, NPR 8820.2, and NPR 8831.2). NASA's unique facility needs call for a wide spectrum of compliance methods for facilities-related safety over the life cycle. This life cycle includes: Project Development and Planning, Design, Construction, Activation, Operations, and Disposal. Field Centers may tailor the overall Facility Safety Management Process to meet their unique needs. This chapter outlines programmatic requirements and identifies where more specific life-cycle-dependent requirements may be found.
8.1.3 NPR 8820.2, Facility Project Requirements, provides requirements for incorporating safety into project design criteria during the Project Development and Planning Phase. Safety tasks for each facility during each life-cycle phase include those appropriate to the size and complexity of the project, the nature of operations active in the facility, and the associated risks. These tasks will vary from project to project based upon risk management. Minimum required safety tasks to be accomplished during construction, operation, maintenance, and final disposition of a facility are documented in accordance with NPR 8820.2, Facility Project Requirements.
8.1.4 It is not the intent of this chapter to require upgrades to existing facilities merely because new editions of codes and standards are published. All Federal facilities will comply with nationally recognized consensus codes in accordance with 40 U.S.C. §3312. The edition of the model code and its referenced standards, which is formally adopted at the start of the design life-cycle phase, governs through the activation life-cycle phase and, ultimately, to beneficial occupancy. Operation of the facility beyond that point will meet the requirements established within the Facility Safety Management Process and the facility's certificate of occupancy.
8.2.1 When planning facility safety, Center Directors shall:
a. Establish project- or program-specific requirements that ensure safety to Center personnel, the public, and mission assurance using risk-informed decision tools.
Note: Consult NASA-STD-8719.7, Facilities System Safety Guidebook for tools and techniques applicable to facility safety management.
b. Ensure new facilities or portions of facilities undergoing renovations meet applicable national consensus codes in effect at the time of the renovations.
Note: Renovations are any facility modifications controlled by a design review process similar to what is modeled in NASA-STD-8719.7, Facility System Safety Guidebook.
8.2.2 Throughout the facility life cycle, Center Directors shall:
a. Comply with facility safety requirements.
b. Designate an organization responsible for facility safety management independent from the specific facility management.
c. Identify, track, and resolve hazardous conditions at the earliest possible life-cycle phase to appropriately mitigate risk to personnel and mission success.
Note: Early hazard identification and resolution also provide the greatest opportunity to minimize the cost and need for a retrofit program.
d. Provide qualified fire protection and safety personnel to review all proposed NASA-owned, controlled, or operated facility configuration changes and construction work change orders that have a potential to impact fire protection, safety, or health including building codes and standards.
Note: This does not preclude the use of checklists and other guidelines to assist the project in determining the potential impact to fire protection, safety, or health and necessary risk management requirements.
e. Include a safety representative and a health representative in inspection and review efforts (operational readiness inspection, operational readiness review, test readiness review, pre-final inspection, and final inspection).
f. Document, resolve, and control all facility safety and health issues prior to acceptance, activation, and operation.
g. Comply with EM 385-1-1, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Safety and Health Requirements or local Center requirements, whichever are most stringent, for construction undertaken at NASA sites and facilities.
8.3.1 To facilitate line management implementation of facility safety, Center Directors shall:
a. Appoint an individual for each facility to oversee proper operation of the facility.
Note: This role may be a full-time or collateral duty as determined by Center management. In addition, a safety coordinator may be appointed to assist the manager as deemed necessary.
b. Document the authority delegated to each of these individuals and provide for safety support, as needed, based on risk to facilities, personnel, and the NASA Mission.
Note: The Center safety office will interface with these individuals as to ensure proper safety program implementation.
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