Effective Date: August 01, 2017
Expiration Date: August 01, 2022
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a. This NASA Procedural Requirements (NPR) provides the basis for the NASA Safety Program and serves as a general framework to structure more specific and detailed requirements for NASA Headquarters, Programs, and Centers. This document does not stand alone and is to be used in conjunction with the references listed in paragraph P.4.
b. This NPR is directed toward safety requirements and to augment requirements for occupational health and environmental health of personnel and activities. Some health and environmental safety references are included to assist Center safety personnel in interactions with occupational health and environmental personnel. Occupational safety and health requirements that implement 29 CFR Part 1960, are specified in NPR 8715.1. Environmental requirements are specified in NPD 8500.1.
c. This NPR does not provide requirements for emergency planning. Emergency planning requirements are specified in NPD 8710.1, Emergency Preparedness Program.
d. To address special processes and/or discipline-unique processes, the Office of Safety and Mission Assurance publishes standards that provide specific instructions that are beyond the scope and detail of this document. A listing of applicable Federal requirements, NPRs, and standards can be found in paragraphs P.3 and P.4 of this NPR.
a. This NPR is applicable to NASA Headquarters and NASA Centers including Component Facilities, and Technical and Service Support Centers. This NPR applies to the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), a Federally Funded Research and Development Center (FFRDC), or to other contractors or grant recipients of grants, cooperative agreements, or other agreements only to the extent specified or referenced in applicable contracts, grants, or agreements.
b. The procedural requirements in this document apply: (1) to all NASA organizations, elements, entities, or individuals; (2) to visitors on NASA property; (3) to all NASA equipment, property, systems, and facilities; (4) during all phases of the life cycle of systems or facilities; and (5) as specified in contract requirements.
c. The provisions of this document apply to non-NASA, non-contractor personnel when on NASA property.
d. The requirements in this NPR do not supersede more stringent requirements imposed by other Federal, State, or local government agencies.
e. In this directive, all mandatory actions (i.e., requirements) are denoted by statements containing the term "shall." The terms "may" or "can" denote discretionary privilege or permission, "should" denotes a good practice and is recommended, but not required, "will" denotes expected outcome, and "are/is" denotes descriptive material.
f. This directive is applicable to NASA directives developed or revised after the effective date of this NPR.
Note: The word "shall" indicates that the rule is mandatory. Noncompliance with a "shall" statement requires approval of a request for relief per paragraph 1.13. Any text that does not contain a "shall" statement is for information and contextual purposes only.
g. In this NPR, the word "project" refers to a unit of work performed in programs, projects, and activities. Management of a work unit is referred to as "project management," which includes managing programs, projects, and activities.
h. In this NPR, a system is: (a) the combination of elements that function together to produce the capability to meet a need and (b) the end product (performs operational functions) and enabling products (provide life-cycle support services to the operational end products) that make up a system. The elements include all hardware, software, equipment, facilities, personnel, processes, and procedures needed for this purpose. i. The Center Director for NASA Headquarters is the Assistant Administrator for Infrastructure and Administration. In this NPR, requirements for Center Directors applicable to NASA Headquarters also pertain to the Assistant Administrator for Infrastructure and Administration.
a. Safety Programs, 5 U.S.C. § 7902.
b. Protective Clothing and Equipment, 5 U.S.C. § 7903.
c. Labor, 29 U.S.C. § 651.
d. Compliance with Nationally Recognized Codes, 40 U.S.C. § 3312.
e. The National Aeronautics and Space Act, 51 U.S.C. ch. 201.
f. Transportation, 49 U.S.C. § 1421.
g. Definitions, 49 U.S.C. § 5102.
h. Prevailing Rate Systems, 5 CFR pt. 532.
i. Pay Administration (General), 5 CFR pt. 550.
j. Commercial Space Transportation, Federal Aviation Administration, Department of Transportation, 14 CFR Chapter III.
k. Space Flight: Mission Critical Space Systems Personnel Reliability Program, 14 CFR § 1214.5.
l. Procedures for Implementing the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), 14 CFR § 1216.3.
m. Performance Standards for Light Emitting Products, 21 CFR pt. 1040.
n. Laser Products, 21 CFR § 1040.10.
o. Specific Purpose Laser Products, 21 CFR § 1040.11.
p. Annual Summary, 29 CFR § 1904.32.
q. Occupational Safety and Health Standards, 29 CFR pt. 1910.
r. Safety and Health Regulations for Construction, 29 CFR pt. 1926.
s. Basic Program Elements for Federal Employee Occupational Safety and Health Programs and Related Matters, 29 CFR pt. 1960.
t. Protection of Human Subjects, 45 CFR pt. 46.
u. Acquisition Planning, 48 CFR pt. 1807.
v. NASA FAR Supplement; Environment, Energy and Water Efficiency, Renewable Energy Technologies, Occupational Safety, and Drug-Free Workplace, 48 CFR pt. 1823.
w. Contract Administration and Audit Services, 48 CFR pt. 1842.
x. Quality Assurance, 48 CFR pt. 1846.
y. Definitions and Abbreviations, 49 CFR § 171.8.
z. Purpose and Use of Hazardous Materials Table, 49 CFR § 172.101.
aa. Carriage by Public Highway, 49 CFR pt. 177.
ab. Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards, 49 CFR pt. 571.
ac. Environmental Effects Abroad Of Major Federal Actions, E.O. 12114.
ad. Occupational Safety and Health Programs for Federal Employees, dated February 26, 1980, as amended, E.O. 12196.
ae. Increasing Seat Belt Use in the United States, dated April 16, 1997, as amended, E.O. 13043.
af. Presidential Directive/National Security Council Memorandum Number 25 (PD/NSC-25), Scientific or Technological Experiments with Possible Large-Scale Adverse Environmental Effects and Aerospace Use of Major Radioactive Sources.
a. Commercial Diving Operations, 29 CFR pt. 1910, subpt. T.
b. Basic Hhs Policy For Protection of Human Research Subjects, 45 CFR pt. 46, subpt. A.
c. Commercial Diving Operations, 46 CFR pt. 197, subpt. B.
d. NPD 1000.0, NASA Governance and Strategic Management Handbook.
e. NPD 1000.3, The NASA Organization.
f. NPD 1001.0, 2006 NASA Strategic Plan.
g. NPD 1800.2, NASA Occupational Health Program.
h. NPD 2820.1, NASA Software Policy.
i. NPD 6000.1, Transportation Management.
j. NPD 7100.8, Protection of Human Research Subjects.
k. NPD 7120.4, Program/Project Management.
l. NPD 8500.1, NASA Environmental Management.
m. NPD 8700.1, NASA Policy for Safety and Mission Success.
n. NPD 8710.1, Emergency Preparedness Program.
o. NPD 8710.5, NASA Safety Policy for Pressure Vessels and Pressurized Systems.
p. NPD 8720.1, NASA Reliability and Maintainability (R&M) Program Policy.
q. NPD 8730.5, NASA Quality Assurance Program Policy.
r. NPD 8820.2, Design and Construction of Facilities.
s. NPR 1441.1, NASA Records Management Program Requirements.
t. NPR 1800.1, NASA Occupational Health Program Procedures.
u. NPR 2810.1, Security of Information Technology.
v. NPR 3451.1, NASA Awards and Recognition Program.
w. NPR 4100.1, NASA Materials Inventory Management Manual.
x. NPR 4200.1, NASA Equipment Management Manual.
y. NPR 5100.4, Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement (NASA/FAR Supplement).
z. NPR 7120.5, NASA Space Flight Program and Project Management Requirements.
aa. NPR 7120.6, Lessons Learned Process.
ab. NPR 7123.1, Systems Engineering Procedural Requirements.
ac. NPR 7150.2, NASA Software Engineering Requirements.
ad. NPR 7900.3, Aircraft Operations Management.
ae. NPR 8000.4, Agency Risk Management Procedural Requirements.
af. NPR 8580.1, Implementing the National Environmental Policy Act and Executive Order 12114.
ag. NPR 8621.1, NASA Procedural Requirements for Mishap and Close Call Reporting, Investigating, and Recordkeeping.
ah. NPR 8705.2, Human-Rating Requirements for Space Systems.
ai. NPR 8705.5, Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA) Procedures for NASA Programs and Projects.
aj. NPR 8705.6, Safety and Mission Assurance Audits, Reviews, and Assessments.
ak. NPR 8715.1, NASA Occupational Safety and Health Programs.
al. NPR 8715.2, NASA Emergency Management Program Procedural Requirements.
am. NPR 8715.5, Range Flight Safety Program.
an. NPR 8715.6, NASA Procedural Requirements for Limiting Orbital Debris and Evaluating the Meteoroid and Orbital Debris Environments.
ao. NPR 8715.7, Expendable Launch Vehicle (ELV) Payload Safety Program.
ap. NPR 8820.2, Facility Project Implementation Guide.
aq. NASA-STD 8709.20, Management of Safety and Mission Assurance Technical Authority (SMA TA) Requirements.
ar. NASA-STD-8719.7, Facilities System Safety Guidebook.
as. NASA-STD-8719.9, Lifting Standard.
at. NASA-STD-8719.10, Standard for Underwater Facility and Non-Open Water Operations.
au. NASA-STD-8719.11, Safety Standard for Fire Protection.
av. NASA-STD-8719.12, Safety Standard for Explosives, Propellants, and Pyrotechnics.
aw. NASA-STD-8719.13, Software Safety Standard.
ax. NASA-STD-8719.14, Process for Limiting Orbital Debris.
ay. NASA-STD-8739.8, Software Assurance Standard.
az. Air Force AFOSH Standard 48-12, Health Hazard Control for Laser Operations.
ba. National Incident Management System, Department of Homeland Security, March 1, 2004.
bb. EM 385-1-1, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Safety and Health Requirements: see http://www.usace.army.mil/usace-docs/eng-manuals/em385-1-1/toc.htm.
bc. Federal Standard 313, Material Safety Data, Transportation Data and Disposal Data for Hazardous Materials Furnished to Government Activities, as revised: see http://assist.daps.dla.mil/quicksearch/basic_profile.cfm?ident_number=53769.
bd. IAEA Safety Series Number 6, International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Safety Series Number 6, Regulations for the Safe Transport of Radioactive Material.
be. Lessons Learned Information System (LLIS): http://nen.nasa.gov/portal/site/llis.
bf. MIL-STD-882, Standard Practice for Safety Systems.
bg. MIL-STD-454, Standard General Requirements for Electronic Equipment.
bh. SS521-AG-PRO-010, U.S. Navy Diving Manual.
bi. NASA MSDS Inventory: http://msds.ksc.nasa.gov.
bj. NASA Safety Reporting System (NSRS): http://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/codeq/nsrs/index.htm.
bk. NFPA 1, Uniform Fire Code.
bl. NFPA 45, Standard on Fire Protection for Laboratories Using Chemicals.
bm. NFPA 70, National Electrical Code.
bn. NFPA 70E: Standard for Electrical Safety in the Workplace.
bo. NFPA 101, Life Safety Code.
bp. NIOSH Publication No. 87-113, A Guide to Safety in Confined Spaces: see http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/pdfs/87-113.pdf.
bq. Range Commanders Council (RCC) Document 316-91, Laser Range Safety: see http://www.fas.org/nuke/control/ccw/316-98/index.html.
br. Wallops Flight Facility Range Safety Manual: see http://www.wff.nasa.gov/~code803/pages/RSM20022.pdf.
bs. ANSI 358.1, Emergency Eyewash and Shower Equipment, latest edition.
bt. ANSI D6.1, Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices for Streets and Highways.
bu. ANSI Z117.1, Safety Requirements for Confined Space.
bv. ANSI Z136.1, American National Standard for Safe Use of Laser.
bw. ANSI Z136.2, Safe Use of Optical Fiber Communication Systems Utilizing Laser Diode and LED Sources.
bx. ANSI/ASSE Z359.0-2007, Definitions and Nomenclature Used for Fall Protection and Fall Arrest
by. ANSI/ASSE Z359.1-2007, Safety Requirements for Personal Fall Arrest Systems, Subsystems and Components.
bz. ANSI/ASSE 2359.3-2007, Safety Requirements for Positioning and Travel Restraint Systems.
ca. ANSI/ASSE 2359.4-2007, Safety Requirements for Assisted-Rescue and Self-Rescue Systems, Subsystems and Components.
cb. NASA-HDBK-8719.14, Handbook for Limiting Orbital Debris.
cc. FSH 4209.11, Wildlife, Fish, Water, and Air Research Handbook, Chapter 10.
cd. Guide for Safety in the Chemical Laboratory, Manufacturing Chemists' Association, Inc.
ce. Scientific or Technological Experiments with Possible Large-Scale Adverse Environmental Effects and Launch of Nuclear Systems into Space, dated December 14, 1977, as revised on May 8, 1996.
cf. S. Kaplan and B.J. Garrick, "On the Quantitative Definition of Risk," Risk Analysis, 1, 11-27, 1981.
cg. National Research Council's report "Understanding Risk: Informing Decisions in a Democratic Society," National Academy Press, Washington, DC, 1996.
ch. SSP 30425, Space Station Program Natural Environment Definition for Design.
ci. Standards for Scientific Diving, Standards for Scientific Diving, developed by the American Academy of Underwater Sciences.
cj. NASA TM 4527, Natural Orbital Environment Guidelines for Use in Aerospace Vehicle Development
Compliance with the requirements contained in this NPR will be verified through processes contained in NPR 8705.6, Safety and Mission Assurance Audits, Reviews, and Assessments.
NPR 8715.3C, NASA General Safety Program Requirements, dated March 12, 2008.
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