EO 12901
Effective Date: March 03, 1994

Responsible Office: Office of General Counsel


By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution
and the laws of the United States of America, including sections
141 and 301-310 of the Trade Act of 1974, as amended (the "Act")
(19 U.S.C. 2171, 2411-2420), and section 301 of title 3, United
States Code, and to ensure that the trade policies of the United
States advance, to the greatest extent possible, the export of
the products and services of the United States and that trade
policy resources are used efficiently, it is hereby ordered as

Section 1.  Identification. (a) Within 6 months of the submission
of the National Trade Estimate Report (required by section 181(b)
of the Act (19 U.S.C. 2241) for 1994 and 1995, the United States
Trade Representative ("Trade Representative") shall review United
States trade expansion priorities and identify priority foreign
country practices, the elimination of which is likely to have the
most significant potential to increase United States exports,
either directly or through the establishment of a beneficial
precedent.  The Trade Representative shall submit to the
Committee on Finance of the Senate and the Committee on Ways and
Means of the House of Representatives, and shall publish in the
Federal Register, a report on the priority foreign country
practices identified.

     (b) In identifying priority foreign country practices under
paragraph (a) of this section, the Trade Representative shall
take into account all relevant factors, including:

     (1) the major barriers and trade distorting practices
     described in the National Trade Estimate Report;
     (2) the trade agreements to which a foreign country is a
     party and its compliance with those agreements;
     (3) the medium-term and long-term implications of foreign 
     government procurement plans; and
     (4) the international competitive position and export
     potential of United States products and services.

     (c) The Trade Representative may include in the report, if
appropriate, a description of the foreign country practices that
may in the future warrant identification as priority foreign
country practices.  The Trade Representative also may include a
statement about other foreign country practices that were not
identified because they are already being addressed by provisions
of United States trade law, existing bilateral trade agreements,
or in trade negotiations with other countries and progress is
being made toward their elimination.

Sec. 2. Initiation of Investigation.  Within 21 days of the
submission of the report required by paragraph (a) of section 1,
the Trade Representative shall initiate under section 302(b)(1)
of the Act (19 U.S.C. 2412(b)(1) investigations under title III,
chapter 1, of the Act with respect to all of the priority foreign
country practices identified.

Sec. 3. Agreements for the Elimination of Barriers.  In the
consultations with a foreign country that the Trade
Representative is required to request under section 303(a) of the
Act (19 U.S.C. 2413(a)) with respect to an investigation
initiated by reason of section 2 of this order, the Trade
Representative shall seek to negotiate an agreement that provides
for the elimination of the practices that are the subject of the
investigation as quickly as possible or, if that is not feasible,
provides for compensatory trade benefits.  The Trade
Representative shall monitor any agreement entered into under
this section pursuant to the provisions of section 306 of the Act
(19 U.S.C. 2416)

Sec. 4. Reports.  The Trade Representative shall include in the
semiannual report required by section 309 of the Act (19 U.S.C.
2419) a report on the status of any investigation initiated
pursuant to section 2 of this order and, where appropriate, the
extent to which such investigations have led to increased
opportunities for the export of products and services of the
United States.

Sec. 5. Presidential Direction.  The authorities delegated
pursuant to this order shall be exercised subject to any subject
to any subsequent direction by the President in a particular

                              /s/William J. Clinton

March 3, 1994.


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