EO 12931
Effective Date: October 13, 1994

Responsible Office: Office of Procurement


By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution
and the laws of the United States of America, and in order to
ensure effective and efficient spending of public funds through
fundamental reforms in Government procurement, it is hereby
ordered as follows:

Section 1.  To make procurement more effective in support of
mission accomplishment and consistent with recommendations of the
National Performance Review, heads of executive agencies engaged
in the procurement of supplies and services shall:

     (a) Review agency procurement rules, reporting requirements,
contractual requirements, certification procedures, and other
administrative procedures over and above those required by
statute, and, where practicable, replace them with guiding
principles that encourage and reward innovation;

     (b) Review existing and planned agency programs to assure
that such programs meet agency mission needs;

     (c) Ensure that procurement organizations focus on
measurable results and on increased attention to understanding
and meeting customer needs;

     (d) Increase the use of commercially available items where
practicable, place more emphasis on past contractor performance,
and promote best value rather than simply low cost in selecting
sources for supplies and services;

     (e) Ensure that simplified acquisition procedures are used,
to the maximum extent practicable, for procurements under the
simplified acquisition threshold in order to reduce
administrative burdens and more effectively support the
accomplishment of agency missions;

     (f) Expand the use of the Government purchase card by the
agency and take maximum advantage of the micro-purchase authority
provided in the Federal Acquisition Streamlining Act of 1994 by
delegating the authority, to the maximum extent practicable, to
the offices that will be using the supplies or services to be

     (g) Establish clear lines of contracting authority and

     (h) Establish career education programs for procurement
professionals, including requirements for successful completion
of educational requirements or mandatory training for entry level
positions and for promotion to higher level positions, in order
to ensure a highly qualified procurement work force;

     (i) Designate a Procurement Executive with agency-wide
responsibility to oversee development of procurement goals,
guidelines, and innovation, measure and evaluate procurement
office performance against stated goals, enhance career
development of the procurement work force, and advise the agency
heads whether goals are being achieved; and

     (j) Review existing and planned information technology
acquisitions and contracts to ensure that the agency receives the
best value with regard to price and technology, and consider
alternatives in cases where best value is not being obtained.

Sec. 2. The Director of the Office of Personnel Management, in
consultation with the heads of executive agencies, shall ensure
that personnel policies and classification standards meet the
needs of executive agencies for a professional procurement work

Sec. 3. The Administrator of the Office of Federal Procurement
Policy after consultation with the Director Office of Management
and Budget, shall work jointly with the heads of executive
agencies to provide broad policy guidance and overall leadership
necessary  to achieve procurement reform, including, but not
limited to:

     (a) Coordinating Government-wide efforts.

     (b) Assisting executive agencies in streamlining guidance
for procurement processes;

     (c) Identifying desirable Government-wide procurement system
criteria; and

     (d) Identifying major inconsistencies in law and policies
relating to procurement that impose unnecessary burdens on the
private sector and Federal procurement officials, and, following
coordination with executive agencies, submitting necessary
legislative initiatives to the Office of Management and Budget
for the resolution of such inconsistencies.

Sec. 4. Executive Order No. 12352 is revoked.

                         /s/William J. Clinton

October 13, 1994.

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