EO 13031
Effective Date: December 13, 1996

Responsible Office: Environmental Management Division


By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution
and the laws of the United States of America, including the
Energy Policy and Conservation Act, as amended (42 U.S.C. 6201 et
seq.), the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-486) ("the
Act"), and section 301 of title 3, United States Code, and with
the knowledge that the use of alternative fueled vehicles will,
in many applications, reduce the Nation's dependence on oil, and
may create jobs by providing an economic stimulus for domestic
industry, and may improve the Nation's air quality by reducing
pollutants in the atmosphere, it is hereby ordered as follows:

Section 1. Federal Leadership and Goals. (a) The purpose of this
order is to ensure that the Federal Government exercise
leadership in the use of alternative fueled vehicles (AFVs).  To
that end, each Federal agency shall develop and implement
aggressive plans to fulfill the alternative fueled vehicle
acquisition requirements established by the Act.  The Act
generally requires that, of the vehicles acquired by each agency
for its fleets, subject to certain conditions specified in
section 303(b)(1) of the Act, 25 percent should be AFVs in fiscal
year (FY) 1996, 33 percent in FY 1997, 50 percent in FY 1998, and
75 percent in FY 1999 and thereafter.  These requirements apply
to all agencies, regardless of whether they lease vehicles from
the General Service Administration (GSA) or acquire them
elsewhere.  That section also defines which Federal agency
vehicles are covered by the AFV acquisition requirements;  this
order applies to the same vehicles, which are primarily general-
use vehicles located in metropolitan statistical areas with
populations of 250,000 or more.

     (b) To the extent practicable, agencies shall use
alternative fuels in all vehicles capable of using them. 
Agencies shall continue to work together in interagency
committees recommended by the Federal Fleet Conversion Task Force
established by Executive Order 12844 of April 21, 1993, to
coordinate their vehicle acquisitions and placement.

Sec. 2. Submission of Agency Plans and Reports on Statutory
Compliance. (a) Sixty (60) days after the date of this Executive
order, and annually thereafter as part of its budget submission
to the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, each
agency shall submit a report on its compliance with sections 303
and 304 of this Act.  A copy of the report shall also be
submitted to the Secretary of Energy and to the Administrator of
General Services.  The report shall state whether the agency is
in compliance with the Act, and substantiate that statement with
quantitative data including numbers and types of vehicles
acquired and the level of their use.  At a minimum, the report
shall indicate the number of vehicles acquired or converted for
each fuel type and vehicle class, and the total number of
vehicles of each fuel type operated by the agency.  The Director
of the Office of Management and Budget shall issue further
reporting guidance as necessary.

     (b) If an agency has failed to meet the statutory
requirements, it shall include in its report an explanation of
such failure an a plan, consistent with the agency's current and
requested budgets, for achieving compliance with the Act.  The
plan shall include alternative sources of suitable AFVs if the
agency's primary vehicle supplier is unable to meet the AFV

     (c) The Secretary of the Department of Energy and the
Administrator of General Services shall cooperatively analyze the
agency AFV reports and acquisition plans, and shall submit
jointly a summary report to the Director of the Office of
Management and Budget.

Sec. 3. Exceptions for Law-Enforcement, Emergency, and National
Defense Vehicles. Section 303 of the Act allows exemptions to the
acquisition requirements for law-enforcement, emergency, and
vehicles acquired and used for military purposes that the
Secretary of Defense has certified must be exempt for national
security reasons.  Law enforcement vehicles shall include
vehicles used for protective activities.  Each agency that
acquires or utilizes any such vehicles shall include in its
report an explanation of why an exemption is claimed with respect
to such vehicles.

Sec. 4 Fulfilling the Acquisition Requirement. (a) Agencies may
acquire alternative fueled vehicles to meet requirements of this
order through lease from GSA, acquisition of original equipment
manufacturer models, commercial lease, conversion of
conventionally fueled vehicles, or any combination of these
approaches.  All vehicles, including those converted for
alternative fuel use, shall comply with all applicable Federal
and State emissions and safety standards.

     (b) Based on its own plans and the plans and reports
submitted by other agencies, the Administrator of General
Services shall provide planning information to potential AFV
suppliers to assist in production planning.  After consulting
with AFV suppliers, the Administrator of General Services shall
provide to Federal agencies information on the production plans
of AFV suppliers well in advance of budget and ordering cycles.
     (c) As required by section 305 of the Act, the Secretary of
Energy, in cooperation with the Administrator of General
Services, shall continue to provide technical assistance to other
Federal agencies that acquire alternative fueled vehicles and
shall facilitate the coordination of the Federal Government's
alternative fueled vehicle program.

Sec. 5. Vehicle Reporting Credits. The gains in air quality and
energy security that this order seeks to achieve will be even
larger if medium- and heavy-duty vehicles are operated on
alternative fuels, and if "zero-emissions vehicles" (ZEVs) are
used.  Therefore, for the purposes of this order, agencies may
acquire medium- or heavy-duty dedicated alternative fueled
vehicles or ZEVs to meet their AFV acquisition requirements, and
they shall be given credits for compliance with their AFV targets
as follows.  Each medium-duty and ZEV shall count the same as two
light-duty AFVs, and each dedicated alternative fueled heavy-duty
vehicle shall count as three light-duty AFVs.  The ZEV credits
may be combined with vehicle size credits.  The Director of the
Office of Management and Budget, in consultation with the
Secretary of Energy, shall issue detailed guidance on the
classification and reporting of medium-duty, heavy-duty, and
ZEVs.  In the reports mandated in section 2 of this order,
medium- and heavy-duty AFVs and ZEVs shall be identified
separately as light-duty vehicles.

Sec. 6. Funding Alternative Fueled Vehicle Acquisition.  (a) The
Department of Energy will no longer request or require specific
appropriations to fund the incremental costs of alternative
fueled vehicles, including any incremental costs associated with
acquisition and disposal, for other agencies.  Agencies shall
formulate their compliance plans based on existing and requested
funds, but shall not be exempt from the requirements of the Act
or this order due to limited appropriations.

     (b) An exception regarding funding assistance shall be made
for electrical vehicles, which are in an earlier stage of
development than other alternative fueled vehicles.  The
Secretary of Energy shall establish a program beginning in FY
1997 to provide partial funding assistance for agency purchases
of electric vehicles.  Up to $10,000 or one-half the incremental
cost over a comparable gasoline-powered vehicle, whichever is
less, may be provided as funding assistance for each electric
vehicle, subject to the availability of the funds.

Sec. 7. Agency Cooperation with Stakeholders on Alternative
Fueled Vehicle Placement and Refueling Capabilities.  The
Secretary of Energy shall work with agencies procuring AFVs to
coordinate the placement of their vehicles with the placement of
similar vehicles by nonfederal alternative fuel stakeholders. 
Federal planning and acquisition efforts shall be coordinated
with the efforts of the Department of Energy's "Clean Cities"
participants, private industry fuel suppliers, and fleet
operators, and State and local governments to ensure that
adequate private sector refueling capabilities exist or will
exist wherever Federal fleet alternative fueled vehicles are
located.  Each agency's fleet managers shall work with
appropriate organizations at their respective locations, whether
in a "Clean Cities" location or not, on initiatives to promote
alternative fueled vehicle use and expansion of refueling

Sec. 8. Definitions. For the purpose of this order, the terms
"agency," "alternative fueled vehicle," and "alternative fuel"
have the same meaning given such terms in sections 151 and 301 of
the Act.

Sec. 9. Executive Order 12844. This order supersedes Executive
Order 12844.

Sec. 10. Judicial Review. This order is not intended to, and does
not, create any right or benefit or trust responsibility,
substantive or procedural, enforceable by a party against the
United States, its agencies or instrumentalities, its offices or
employees, or any other person.

                              /s/William J. Clinton

December 13, 1996.


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