EO 13094
Effective Date: July 28, 1998

Responsible Office: Office of Policy Coordination and International Relations
Subject: Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United 
States of America, including the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 
U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) (IEEPA), the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et. seq.), 
the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2751 et seq.) (AECA), and section 301 of title 3, 
United States Code.

I, WILLIAM J. CLINTON, President of the United States of America, in order to take 
additional steps with respect to the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and 
means of delivering them and the national emergency described and declared in Executive 
Order 12938 of November 14, 1994, hereby order:

Section 1.  Amendment of Executive Order 12938.
        (a) Section 4 of Executive Order 12938 of November 14, 1994, is revised to read as 

        "Sec. 4. Measures Against Foreign Persons.
        (a) Determination by Secretary of State; Imposition of Measures.  Except to the 
extent provided in section 203(b) of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act 
(50 U.S.C. 1702(b)), where applicable, if the Secretary of State determines that a foreign 
person, on or after November 16, 1990, the effective date of Executive Order 12735, the 
predecessor order to Executive Order 12938, has materially contributed or attempted to 
contribute materially to the efforts of any foreign country, project, or entity of 
proliferation concern to use, acquire, design, develop produce, or stockpile weapons of 
mass destruction or missiles capable of delivering such weapons the measures set forth in 
subsections (b), (c), and (d) of this section shall be imposed on that foreign person to the 
extent determined by the Secretary of State in consultation with the implementing agency 
and other relevant agencies.  Nothing in this section is intended to preclude the imposition 
on that foreign person of other measures or sanctions available under this order or under 
other authorities.

        (b) Procurement Ban.  No department or agency of the United States Government 
may procure, or enter into any contract for the procurement of, any goods, technology, or 
services from any foreign person described in subsection (a) of this section.

        (c) Assistance Ban.  No department or agency of the United States Government may 
provide any assistance to any foreign person described in subsection (a) of this section, 
and no such foreign person shall be eligible to participate in any assistance program of the 
United States Government.

        (d) Import Ban.  The Secretary of the Treasury shall prohibit the importation into 
the United States of goods, technology, or services produced or provided by any foreign 
person described in subsection (a) of this section, other than information or informational 
materials within the meaning of section 203(b)(3) of the International Emergency 
Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1702(b)(3)).

        (e) Termination.  Measures pursuant to this section may be terminated against a 
foreign person if the Secretary of State determines that there is reliable evidence that such 
foreign person has ceased all activities referred to in subsection (a) of this section.

        (f) Exceptions.  Departments and agencies of the United States Government, acting 
in consultation with the Secretary of State, may, by license, regulation, order, directive, 
exception, or otherwise provide for:

                (i) Procurement contracts necessary to meet U.S. operational military 
requirements or requirements; under defense production agreements; intelligence 
requirements; sole source suppliers, spare parts, components, routine servicing and 
maintenance of products for the United States Government; and medical and humanitarian 
items; and

                (ii) Performance pursuant to contracts in force on the effective date of this order 
under appropriate circumstances."

        (b) Section 6 of Executive Order 12938 of November 14, 1994, is amended by 
deleting "4(c)" and inserting "4(e)" in lieu thereof.

Sec. 2.  Preservation of Authorities.  Nothing in this order is intended to affect the 
continued effectiveness of any rules, regulations, orders, licenses or other forms of 
administrative action issued, taken, or continued in effect heretofore or hereafter under the 
authority of IEEPA, AECA, the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Act of 1978, the Nuclear 
Proliferation Prevention Act of 1994, the Atomic Energy Act, the Export Administration 
Act (50 U.S.C. App. 2401 et seq.), Executive Order 12730 of September 30, 1990, 
Executive Order 12735 of November 16, 1990, Executive Order 12924 of August 18, 
1994, Executive Order 12930 of September 29, 1994, or Executive Order 12938 of 
November 14, 1994.

Sec. 3.  Judicial Review.  Nothing contained in this order shall create any right or benefit, 
substantive or procedural, enforceable by any party against the United States, it agencies 
or instrumentalities, its officer or employees, or any other person.

Sec. 4  Effective Date.

        (a) This order is effective at 12:01 a.m. eastern daylight time on July 29, 1998.

        (b) This order shall be transmitted to the Congress and published in the Federal 

                                                                     /s/William J. Clinton

July 28, 1998.

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