EO 13288
Effective Date: March 10, 2003

Responsible Office: Office of Policy Coordination and International Relations
Subject: Block Proeprty of Persons Undermining Democraftic Processes or Institutions in Zimbabwe

Executive Order 13288 of March 6, 2003

                Blocking Property of Persons Undermining 
                Democratic Processes or Institutions in Zimbabwe

                By the authority vested in me as President by the 
                Constitution and the laws of the United States of 
                America, including the International Emergency Economic 
                Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) (IEEPA), the 
                National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.), and 
                section 301 of title 3, United States Code,

                I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
                America, have determined that the actions and policies 
                of certain members of the Government of Zimbabwe and 
                other persons to undermine Zimbabwe's democratic 
                processes or institutions, contributing to the 
                deliberate breakdown in the rule of law in Zimbabwe, to 
                politically motivated violence and intimidation in that 
                country, and to political and economic instability in 
                the southern African region, constitute an unusual and 
                extraordinary threat to the foreign policy of the 
                United States, and I hereby declare a national 
                emergency to deal with that threat.

                I hereby order:

                Section 1. Except to the extent provided in section 
                203(b) of IEEPA (50 U.S.C. 1702(b)), and in 
                regulations, orders, directives, or licenses that may 
                be issued pursuant to this order, and notwithstanding 
                any contract entered into or any license or permit 
                granted prior to the effective date of this order, all 
                property and interests in property of the following 
                persons that are in the United States, that hereafter 
                come within the United States, or that are or hereafter 
                come within the possession or control of United States 
                persons, including their overseas branches, are blocked 
                and may not be transferred, paid, exported, withdrawn, 
                or otherwise dealt in:

                    (a) the persons listed in the Annex to this order; 
                    (b) any person determined by the Secretary of the 
                Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of State, 
                to be owned or controlled by, or acting or purporting 
                to act directly or indirectly for or on behalf of, any 
                of the persons listed in the Annex to this order.

                Sec. 2. (a) Any transaction or dealing by a United 
                States person or within the United States in property 
                or interests in property blocked pursuant to this order 
                is prohibited, including but not limited to the making 
                or receiving of any contribution of funds, goods, or 
                services to or for the benefit of any person listed in 
                the Annex to this order or who is the subject of a 
                determination under subsection 1(b) of this order.

                    (b) Any transaction by a United States person or 
                within the United States that evades or avoids, has the 
                purpose of evading or avoiding, or attempts to violate 
                any of the prohibitions set forth in this order is 
                    (c) Any conspiracy formed to violate the 
                prohibitions set forth in this order is prohibited.

                Sec. 3. For the purposes of this order:

                    (a) The term ``person'' means an individual or 
                    (b) The term ``entity'' means a partnership, 
                association, trust, joint venture, corporation, group, 
                subgroup, or other organization; and
                    (c) The term ``United States person'' means any 
                United States citizen, permanent resident alien, entity 
                organized under the laws of the United

[[Page 11458]]

                States or any jurisdiction within the United States 
                (including foreign branches), or any person in the 
                United States.

                Sec. 4. The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation 
                with the Secretary of State, is hereby authorized to 
                take such actions, including the promulgation of rules 
                and regulations, and to employ all powers granted to me 
                by IEEPA, as may be necessary to carry out the purposes 
                of this order. The Secretary of the Treasury may 
                redelegate any of these functions to other officers and 
                agencies of the United States Government. All agencies 
                of the United States Government are hereby directed to 
                take all appropriate measures within their authority to 
                carry out the provisions of this order.

                Sec. 5. This order is not intended to create, nor does 
                it create, any right, benefit, or privilege, 
                substantive or procedural, enforceable at law by a 
                party against the United States, its agencies, 
                officers, employees, or any other person.

                Sec. 6. (a) This order is effective at 12:01 eastern 
                standard time on March 7, 2003; and

                    (b) This order shall be transmitted to the Congress 
                and published in the Federal Register.

                    (Presidential Sig.)B

                THE WHITE HOUSE,

                    March 6, 2003.

Billing code 3195-01-P

[Federal Register: March 10, 2003 (Volume 68, Number 46)]
[Page 11459-VI]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]

[[Page 11459]]


                1. Robert Gabriel MUGABE [President of Zimbabwe, born 
                21 Feb. 1924]

                2. Flora BUKA [Minister of State for Land Reform, born 
                25 Feb. 1968]

                3. George CHARAMBA [Permanent Secretary, Ministry of 
                Information, born 4 Apr. 1963]

                4. Fortune CHARUMBIRA [Deputy Minister for Local 
                Government, Public Works, and National Housing, born 10 
                June 1962]

                5. Aeneas CHIGWEDERE [Minister of Education, Sports and 
                Culture, born 25 Nov. 1939]

                6. Augustine CHIHURI [Police Commissioner, born 10 Mar. 

                7. Enos CHIKOWORE [Politburo Secretary for Land and 
                Resettlement, born 17 July 1942]

                8. Patrick CHINAMASA [Minister of Justice, born 25 Jan. 

                9. Edward CHINDORI-CHININGA [Minister of Mines, born 14 
                Mar. 1955]

                10. Constantine CHIWENGA [Lt. Gen., Commander of the 
                Army, born 25 Aug. 1956]

                11. Willard CHIWEWE [Senior Secretary, Ministry of 
                Foreign Affairs, born 19 Mar. 1949]

                12. Ignatius CHOMBO [Minister of Local Government, born 
                1 Aug. 1952]

                13. Dumiso DABENGWA [Politburo Senior Committee Member, 
                born 6 Dec. 1939]

                14. Nicholas GOCHE [Minister of State for National 
                Security, born 1 Aug. 1946]

                15. Rugare GUMBO [Deputy Minister for Home Affairs, 
                born 8 Mar. 1940]

                16. Richard HOVE [Politburo Secretary for Economic 
                Affairs, born 23 Sept. 1939]

                17. David KARIMANZIRA [Politburo Secretary for Finance, 
                born 25 May 1947]

                18. Saviour KASUKUWERE [Deputy-Secretary for Youth 
                Affairs, born 23 Oct. 1970]

                19. Christopher KURUNERI [Deputy Minister, Finance and 
                Economic Development, born 4 Apr. 1949]

                20. Thenjiwe LESABE [Politburo Secretary for Women's 
                Affairs, born 5 Jan. 1933]

                21. Jaison MACHAYA [Deputy Minister for Mines and 
                Mining Development, born 13 June 1952]

                22. Joseph MADE [Minister of Agriculture, born 21 Nov. 

                23. Edna MADZONGWE [Deputy-Secretary for Production and 
                Labor, born 11 July 1943]

                24. Shuvai MAHOFA [Deputy Minister for Youth 
                Development, Gender and Employment Creation, born 4 
                Apr. 1941]

                25. Joshua MALINGA [Deputy-Secretary for Disabled and 
                Disadvantaged, born 28 Apr. 1944]

                26. Paul MANGWANA [Minister of State for State 
                Enterprises and Parastatals, born 10 Aug. 1961]

                27. Witness MANGWENDE [Minister of Transport and 
                Communications, born 15 Aug. 1946]

                28. Elliot MANYIKA [Minister of Youth Development, born 
                30 July 1955]

                29. Kenneth MANYONDA [Deputy Minister for Industry and 
                International Trade, born 10 Aug. 1934]

[[Page 11460]]

                30. Reuben MARUMAHOKO [Deputy Minister for Energy and 
                Power Development, born 4 Apr. 1948]

                31. Angeline MASUKU [Politburo Secretary for Disabled 
                and Disadvantaged Person's Welfare, born 14 Oct. 1936]

                32. Sithokozile MATHUTHU [Deputy-Secretary for 
                Transport and Social Welfare]

                33. Amos Bernard Muvenga MIDZI [Minister for Energy and 
                Development, born 4 July 1952]

                34. Emmerson MNANGAGWA [Parliamentary Speaker, born 15 
                Sept. 1946]

                35. Kembo MOHADI [Minister of Home Affairs, born 15 
                Nov. 1949]

                36. Swithun MOMBESHORA [Minister of Higher Education, 
                born 20 Aug. 1945]

                37. Jonathan MOYO [Minister of Information, born 12 
                Jan. 1957]

                38. July MOYO [Minister of Public Service, Labor and 
                Social Welfare, born 7 May 1950]

                39. Simon Khaya MOYO [Deputy-Secretary for Legal 
                Affairs, born 1945]

                40. Obert MPOFU [Deputy-Secretary for National 
                Security, born 12 Oct. 1951]

                41. Joseph MSIKA [Vice President, born 6 Dec. 1923]

                42. Olivia MUCHENA [Minister of State for Science and 
                Technology Development, born 18 Aug. 1946]

                43. Opah MUCHINGURI [Politburo Secretary for Gender and 
                Culture, born 14 Dec. 1958]

                44. Stan MUDENGE [Minister of Foreign Affairs, born 17 
                Dec. 1948]

                45. Grace MUGABE [born 23 July 1965]

                46. Sabina MUGABE [Politburo Senior Committee Member, 
                born 14 Oct. 1934]

                47. Joyce MUJURU [Minister of Rural Resources and 
                Water, born 15 Apr. 1955]

                48. Solomon MUJURU [Politburo Senior Committee Member, 
                born 1 May 1949]

                49. Samuel MUMBENGEGWI [Minister of Industry and 
                International Trade, born 20 July 1945]

                50. Herbert MURERWA [Minister of Finance, born 31 July 

                51. Christopher MUSHOHWE [Deputy Minister, Transport 
                and Communications, born 6 Feb. 1954]

                52. Didymus MUTASA [Politburo Secretary for External 
                Relations, born 27 July 1935]

                53. Kenneth MUTIWEKUZIVA [Deputy Minister for Small and 
                Medium Enterprise Development, born 27 May 1948]

                54. Simon Vengesai MUZENDA [Vice President, born 28 
                Oct. 1922]

                55. Tsitsi MUZENDA [Politburo Senior Committee Member, 
                born 28 Aug. 1922]

                56. Elisha MUZONZINI [Director of the Central 
                Intelligence Organization, born 24 June 1957]

                57. Abedinico NCUBE [Deputy Minister, Foreign Affairs, 
                born 13 March 1954]

                58. Naison NDLOVU [Politburo Secretary for Production 
                and Labor, born 22 Oct. 1930]

                59. Sikhanyiso NDLOVU [Deputy-Secretary for 
                Commissariat, born 20 Sept. 1949]

[[Page 11461]]

                60. Francis NHEMA [Minister of Environment and Tourism, 
                born 17 Apr. 1959]

                61. John NKOMO [Minister of State for Special Affairs, 
                born 22 Aug. 1934]

                62. Stephen NKOMO [Politburo Senior Committee Member, 
                born 3 Oct. 1926]

                63. Sithembiso NYONI [Minister of Small and Medium 
                Enterprises Development, born 20 Sept. 1949]

                64. David PARIRENYATWA [Minister of Health and Child 
                Welfare, born 2 Aug. 1950]

                65. Selina POTE [Deputy-Secretary for Gender and 

                66. Tinos RUSERE [Deputy Minister for Rural Resources 
                and Water Development, born 10 May 1945]

                67. Stanley SAKUPWANYA [Deputy-Secretary for Health and 
                Child Welfare]

                68. Sidney SEKERAMAYI [Minister of Defense, born 30 
                Mar. 1944]

                69. Nathan SHAMUYARIRA [Politburo Secretary for 
                Information and Publicity, born 29 Sept. 1928]

                70. Perence SHIRI [Air Marshal (Air Force), born 11 
                Jan. 1955]

                71. Isaiah SHUMBA [Deputy Minister, Education, Sports 
                and Culture, born 3 Jan. 1949]

                72. Absolom SIKOSANA [Politburo Secretary for Youth 

                73. Solomon TAWENGWA [Deputy-Secretary for Finance, 
                born 15 June 1940]

                74. Josiah TUNGAMIRAI [Politburo Secretary for 
                Empowerment and Indigenization, born 8 Oct. 1948]

                75. Charles UTETE [Cabinet Secretary, born 30 Oct. 

                76. Paradzai ZIMONDI [Prisons chief, born 4 Mar. 1947]

                77. Vitalis ZVINAVASHE [General, Commander of Zimbabwe 
                Defense Forces, born 27 Sept. 1943]

                Note: The bracketed identifying information with 
                respect to each person listed in this Annex reflects 
                information currently available and is provided solely 
                to facilitate compliance with this order. Each 
                individual listed in this Annex remains subject to the 
                prohibitions of this order notwithstanding any change 
                in title, position, or affiliation.


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