Effective Date: May 31, 2002
Expiration Date: May 31, 2022
Update to comply with 1400 Compliance, with administrative changes, title changes, update applicable documents, and added Attachment A
|Update to comply with 1400 Compliance, with administrative changes, clarification of responsibilities, updates applicable documents, and added attachment for acronyms|
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It is NASA's policy to provide and maintain oversight of the necessary medical systems to support medical operations for human space flight.
a. This NPD is applicable to NASA Headquarters and NASA Centers, including Component Facilities and Technical and Service Support Centers. This language applies to contractors, recipients of grants, cooperative agreements, or other agreements only to the extent specified or referenced in the appropriate contracts, grants, or agreements.
b. In this directive, all mandatory actions (i.e., requirements) are denoted by statements containing the term "shall." The terms: "may" or "can" denote discretionary privilege or permission, "should" denotes a good practice and is recommended, but not required, "will" denotes expected outcome, and "are/is" denotes descriptive material.
c. In this directive, all document citations are assumed to be the latest version unless otherwise noted.
a. The National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958, as amended, 51 U.S.C. 20113(a).
b. NPD 1000.0, NASA Governance and Strategic Management Handbook.
c. NPD 1000.3, The NASA Organization.
a. NPD 7100.8, Protection of Human Research Subjects.
b. NC 1000-12, NASA Medical Policy Board and Aerospace Medicine Board.
a. The OCHMO shall:
(1) Formulate Agency level policies and standards for, and provide oversight of, activities related to crew health and performance, medical operations, and health and medical risks.
(2) Review and approve medical requirements and research products readiness for operational implementation.
(3) Review and concur on all health and medical implementing procedures and guidelines authorized by this NPD.
(4) Transmit medical policies and agreements related to human space flight to the Associate Administrator (AA) for HEOMD.
(5) Serve as the Agency Health and Medical Technical Authority.
b. The Chief Health and Medical Officer (CHMO) shall chair the Medical Policy Board, NC 1000-12, and the CHMO Level 1 Control Board.
c. The HEOMD has overall responsibility for planning, coordinating, and implementing all human space flight activities. The HEOMD, with oversight by the OCHMO, shall be responsible for providing and maintaining the necessary medical systems as well as producing and delivering health-related research products and deliverables to support crew health and performance.
d. The AA for HEOMD, with concurrence from the CHMO, shall designate a senior manager for space crew health and safety. This individual shall be responsible for:
(1) Advocating requirements for space medicine and countermeasures and propose milestones for deliverables.
(2) Advocating with the AA for HEOMD for on-orbit resources necessary to meet these milestones.
(3) Recommending policies applicable to crew health and safety.
(4) Reviewing space medicine operations and results on a periodic basis.
(5) Advising the AA for HEOMD on crew health and safety issues.
e. Each NASA Center Director involved in the human space flight programs, shall be responsible for:
(1) Developing a medical disaster plan to fit unique technical operations, and preparing an emergency preparedness plan for the Center's Human Space Flight Program Operations.
(2) Ensuring, if appropriate to the Center's role and responsibilities in human space flight, the prime objectives of medical activities in support of ground-based and in-flight tests, checkouts, and simulations are met. Specifically, these objectives are as follows:
(a) Verifying human support equipment fulfills design, quality, and safety requirements needed for the effective and efficient functioning of individuals in both ground-based and in-flight environments.
(b) Ensuring crewmember health is optimized to maximize crew member performance during flight.
(c) Establishing the requirements for, and collaborating with, the HEOMD to monitor the progress of health and medical research to support crew health.
(d) Ensuring environmental, medical, and safety reviews of equipment and biomedical research protocols are in accordance with the NASA Flight Institutional Review Board (NFI) standards, including policies and procedures outlined in NPD 7100.8, Protection of Human Research Subjects.
(e) Conducting hardware tests, verifications, and procedural simulations, as necessary, of any equipment prior to testing on humans.
f. The Chief Medical Officer (CMO) at JSC shall provide and annual report including, but not limited to, the number of medical events affecting space flight crewmembers resulting in adverse mission impact.
a. The CHMO will measure compliance with this directive by:
(1) Monitoring the number of medical events effecting space flight crewmembers resulting in adverse mission impact.
NPD 8900.1G, Medical Operations Responsibilities in Support of Human Space Flight programs, dated May 31, 2002.
AA - Associate Administrator
CHMO - Chief Health and Medical Officer
CMO - Chief Medical Officer
HEOMD - Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate
NFI - NASA Flight Institutional Review Board
JSC - Johnson Space Center
OCHMO - Office of the Chief Health and Medical Officer
B.1 NPD 1800.2, NASA Occupational Health Program.
B.2 NPD 8900.5, NASA Health and Medical Policy for Human Space Exploration.
B.3 NPR 1441.1, NASA Records Retention Schedules.
B.4 NPR 8900.1, NASA Health and Medical Requirements for Human Space Exploration.
B.5 NASA-STD-3001, NASA Space Flight Human System Standard, Volume 1 - Crew Health.
B.6 NASA-STD-3001, NASA Space Flight Human System Standard, Volume 2 - Human Factors, Habitability and Environmental Health.
B.7 OCHMO 80771201MED, NASA Crewmembers Medical Standards, Volume 1 - Selection and Periodic Certification.