Effective Date: December 22, 2011
Expiration Date: December 22, 2016
It is NASA's policy to:
a. Provide a healthy and safe environment for crewmembers to enable
successful human space exploration.
b. Provide health and medical care systems for crewmembers for all mission
phases--prior, during, and after space flights.
(Note: Health is defined as encompassing physiological, psychological, and
dental well-being. Medical refers to the treatment of illness and injury.)
c. Update crewmember health and medical services based on best supporting
evidence and current standards of medical practice, lessons learned, risk
management, and expert recommendations.
d. Design initial and recurrent health and medical training for
crewmembers, consistent with mission requirements and commensurate with
available resources and priorities.
e. Establish space flight health and medical standards that address:
(1) Health and medical screening, evaluation, and certification (including
medical selection and retention standards).
(2) Health and medical diagnosis, intervention, and care (including
management and training).
(3) Health maintenance, preventive programs, and countermeasures (including
permissible exposure limits, permissible outcome limits, and
fitness for duty standards).
(4) Habitability, environmental health, planetary protection
considerations, and human performance guidelines and standards, as appropriate.
f. Sponsor health and medical clinical research to enable human space
This NASA Policy Directive (NPD) is applicable to NASA Headquarters and all
NASA Centers, including Component Facilities and Technical and Service
Support Centers. This language applies to the Jet Propulsion Laboratory
and other contractors to the extent specified or referenced in the
appropriate contracts or agreements.
a. The National Aeronautics and Space Act, as amended, 51 U.S.C. 20113(a).
b. NPD 1000.0, NASA Governance and Strategic Management Handbook.
c. NPD 1000.3, The NASA Organization.
a. NPD 8020.7, Biological Contamination Control for Outbound and Inbound
Planetary Spacecraft (Revalidated 11/25/08).
b. NPD 8700.1E, NASA Policy for Safety and Mission Success.
c. NPD 8900.1G, Medical Operations Responsibilities in Support of Human
Space Flight Programs.
d. NASA Procedural Requirements (NPR) 7120.11, NASA Health and Medical
Technical Authority (HMTA)Implementation.
e. NPR 8705.2, Human-Rating Requirements for Space Systems.
f. NPR 8900.1, Health and Medical Requirements for Human Space Exploration.
g. NASA-STD-3001, NASA Space Flight Human System Standard - Vol. 1, 2.
a. The Chief Health and Medical Officer (CHMO)shall:
(1) Promulgate health and medical policy for Human Space Exploration.
(2) Serve as NASA's independent HMTA.
(3) Ensure Agency-wide implementation of HMTA as described in NPR 7120.11,
NASA Health and Medical Technical Authority (HMTA) Implementation.
(4) Establish and maintain human health and medical standards for space flight.
(5) Define appropriate levels of health and medical care for space flight.
(6) Review and approve all human health-related and medical requirements
for space exploration.
(7) Review and approve all human health-related research requirements and
deliverables from applicable Mission Directorates and Offices.
(Note: Human health research deliverables are biomedical knowledge,
pharmaceuticals, procedures, protocols, hardware, software, health or
medical devices, or technology developed to directly affect the health and
performance of crewmembers derived from completed research studies that are
ready for transfer to the appropriate operational community.)
(8) Approve operational implementation of human health and performance-
related research deliverables that enable human space exploration.
(9) Approve operational use of health and medical systems and technologies
prior to their use in space exploration.
(10) Consult and coordinate with the Associate Administrator for the
Science Mission Directorate, or the designee for planetary protection,
regarding planetary protection issues related to health and medical
requirements to ensure coordination with existing NASA planetary protection
b. The Associate Administrator for the Human Exploration and Operations
Mission Directorate shall:
(1) Formulate Directorate-level requirements for Exploration Systems,
including health-related and medical requirements, based on Agency-level
exploration requirements and NASA standards.
(2) Develop and mature targeted human health and medical research and
technologies aimed at enabling sustained and affordable human and robotic
exploration to an appropriate stage of readiness level for final review,
approval, and implementation.
(3) Manage flight crew health and safety to include the following:
(a) Implementation of crew health and medical care systems.
(b) Compliance with health and medical requirements.
(c) Management of in-flight research activities.
(d) Crew participation in in-flight research, as appropriate.
(e) Integration of and use of CHMO-approved health and medical
technologies for extravehicular and intravehicular activity.
c. The Deputy Chief Technologist shall be responsible for integrating,
coordinating, and tracking the technology investments across the Agency,
including the mission-focused investments (e.g., NASA health, medical, and
performance technologies) made by the NASA mission directorates.
d. The Associate Administrator for the Science Mission Directorate, or
the designee for planetary protection, shall be responsible for
coordinating with the CHMO regarding health and medical issues related
to planetary protection for human space exploration.
The Office of the Chief Health and Medical Officer will determine adherence
to this policy through assessments of related activities and operations.
NPD 8900.5A, NASA Health and Medical Policy for Human Space Exploration, dated May 16, 2006.