Effective Date: February 01, 2021
Expiration Date: February 01, 2026
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14.1.1 The purpose of this chapter is to assure facility safety throughout the entire facility life cycle. Facility life cycle phases include requirements development, planning, design, construction, activation, operation, and disposal. The goal is to manage risks associated with each of these life cycle phases. Facility safety is integrated with functional project objectives to ensure that appropriate resources are allocated for safe facility management over its entire life cycle.
14.1.2 This chapter establishes requirements for the safety and mission success of NASA facilities throughout their life cycle, consistent with the requirements of the NASA Facilities and Real Estate Division (including NPD 8820.2, NPR 8820.2, and NPR 8831.2).
14.1.3 Safety tasks (e.g. hazards analysis, pre-operations / construction safety meetings, safety surveillance) during each life-cycle phase need to be appropriate for the size and complexity of the project, the nature of operations active in the facility, and the associated risks.
14.1.4 Unless explicitly delegated elsewhere by the Center, the Safety Manager shall serve as the Institutional Safety Discipline Lead for facility safety.
Centers shall establish a Center facility safety management program to ensure safety of the workforce and the public and mission assurance using risk-informed decision tools.
Note: For additional information on tools and techniques applicable to facility safety management, see NASA-STD-8719.7, Facilities System Safety Guidebook.
14.3.1 Each Center shall designate an organization responsible for facility safety management independent from the facility management organization.
14.3.2 Each Center shall identify an individual for each facility to manage the safe operation of the facility, document the authority delegated to these individuals, and provide safety support based on risk to personnel and property.
Note: This role may be a full-time or collateral duty as determined by Center management.
14.4.1 Each Center shall ensure new facilities, facilities undergoing rehabilitations, or changes in use or occupancy of a facility, meet applicable national consensus codes in effect at the time of the project.
Note: Types of rehabilitations and their requirements, as well as requirements for changes in use or occupancy, are defined in Chapter 43 of NFPA 101. The design review process should be modeled after the guidelines in NASA-STD-8719.7, Facility System Safety Guidebook, as appropriate for the type of project.
14.4.2 Each Center shall identify, track, and control hazardous conditions to reduce risk to personnel and property. The methods employed to identify, track and control hazardous conditions need to:
a. consider all hazards within the facility and take an integrated approach with other facilities, operations, and subsytems and
b. apply system safety engineering and management principles and techniques appropriate for the hazards present and facility complexity throughout all phases of the facility's life-cycle.
Note: Early hazard identification and resolution provide the greatest opportunity to minimize the cost and need for a retrofit program.
14.4.3 Each Center shall provide qualified personnel to review all proposed NASA-owned, controlled, or operated facility configuration changes and construction work change orders that have a potential to impact fire protection, safety, or health.
Note: This does not preclude the use of checklists and other guidelines to assist the project in determining the potential impact to fire protection, safety, or health and necessary risk management requirements.
14.4.4 Each Center shall include a safety representative in inspections and reviews throughout the facility life cycle (i.e., requirements development, planning, design, construction, activation, operation, and disposal).
Note: Including safety from the start of the project, whether it's a new building or demolition of an existing, enables determination of applicable consensus codes and standards and NASA requirements to minimize the risk that safety and health requirements are not incorporated from the start of the project.
14.4.5 Each Center shall include a health representative in inspection and review efforts throughout the facility life cycle when the facility has potential health hazards that require controls to be implemented prior to or during construction and facility activation (e.g., new office space requiring appropriate ergonomic furniture, hazardous gas vent system, and removal of asbestos during renovation).
14.4.6 Centers shall ensure compliance with NASA-STD 8719.11 and applicable national consensus codes and shall correct nonconformances identified during plan review and/or inspection. A Certificate of Occupancy from the Authority Having Jurisdiction (AHJ) is required prior to occupancy.
14.4.7 Construction safety requirements are found in 29 CFR 1926, Safety and Health Regulations for Construction. Centers may choose to adopt additional standards such as EM 385-1-1.
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