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NASA Ball NASA
Procedural
Requirements
NPR 8510.1A
Effective Date: June 20, 2017
Expiration Date: September 15, 2023
COMPLIANCE IS MANDATORY FOR NASA EMPLOYEES
Printable Format (PDF)

Subject: NASA Cultural Resources Management

Responsible Office: Environmental Management Division


| TOC | Preface | Chapter1 | Chapter2 | Chapter3 | AppendixA | AppendixB | AppendixC | ALL |

Chapter 1. Cultural Resources Management Program Roles and Responsibilities

1.1 Introduction

1.1.1 The roles and responsibilities of senior management are defined in NPD 1000.0, NPD 1000.3, and NPD 8500.1. The following are key roles and responsibilities for establishing, assigning, and maintaining CRM Program requirements. Responsibilities specific to a position title may be delegated by the responsible person.

1.1.2 Additional responsibilities associated with specific CRM requirements are included in Chapters 2 and 3.

1.2 Headquarters

1.2.1 The Assistant Administrator for the Office of Strategic Infrastructure (OSI) shall:

a. Serve as and fulfill the Senior Policy Official (SPO) responsibilities specified in E.O. 13287, including appointing a Federal Preservation Officer (FPO).

b. Promulgate CRM policy and guidance and promote cultural resources management requirements across NASA.

c. Represent NASA in establishing a government-to-government relationship with Federally recognized tribes (unless otherwise delegated to Center Directors).

1.2.2 The Agency CRM Program Manager shall:

a. Fulfill the following programmatic requirements:

(1) Fulfill the requirements of the FPO in accordance with the NHPA and E.O. 13287.

(2) Oversee and coordinate NASA's activities under NHPA and other applicable laws, regulations, E.O.s, and Presidential Memoranda regarding cultural resources.

(3) Establish and maintain a CRM awareness program to educate and inform NASA of its historic properties and CRM responsibilities.

(4) Provide direction and guidance on the Agency's CRM Program and NAC to Centers and Mission Directorates.

(5) Update the Agency CRM policies and guidance as needed.

(6) Assist in resolving Center disputes regarding appropriate measures for cultural resources compliance.

(7) Sign nominations of NASA-administered historic properties to the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP).

(8) Develop Programmatic Agreements (PAs) and Memoranda of Agreement (MOAs) on behalf of the Agency.

(9) Review and concur with Center Integrated Cultural Resources Management Plans (ICRMPs), NHPA PAs or MOAs, Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA) Comprehensive Agreements (CAs) and Plans of Action, and other cultural resources agreements and actions after Center legal review.

(10) Assist Center Cultural Resources Managers (Center CRMs) in interaction with the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation (ACHP), SOI, Native Americans, and the NASA Headquarters Offices with matters regarding CRM.

b. Fulfill the following outreach requirements:

(1) Serve as the Agency liaison for Native American affairs.

(2) Promote the mission, economic, and social benefits of the CRM Program within Agency leadership.

(3) Coordinate with the NASA Office of Procurement to include contract and grant clauses that cover cultural resources issues, as appropriate.

(4) Represent the Agency and CRM Program to the ACHP and at external and internal meetings (e.g., interagency FPO meetings, NASA CRM Panel Meetings).

c. Fulfill the following data management and reporting requirements:

(1) Monitor Agency compliance with the management and reporting requirements of NHPA and other applicable statutes, regulations, and E.O.s related to CRM.

(2) Fulfill annual reporting requirements as stipulated in the NASA National Historic Landmarks (NHL) PA.

(3) Update and prepare reports on real property heritage assets for financial reporting in accordance with Statement of Federal Financial Accounting Standards (SFFAS) No. 29 and NPR 9250.1.

1.2.3 The Headquarters Facilities and Real Estate Division shall:

a. Support the implementation of NASA's CRM Program through policy pursuant to NPD 8800.14, NPD 8820.2, and guidance pursuant to NPR 8800.15 and NPR 8820.2.

b. Reference this NPR in Agency policy, guidance, and training materials that relate to the management of real property.

c. Inform the NASA Agency CRM Program Manager of approved Construction of Facilities (CoF) and Demolition projects, as requested.

d. Provide real property data to Center CRMs for use in the NASA Environmental Tracking System (NETS) database CRM Module.

e. Utilize data provided in the NETS CRM Module to populate the historic status and heritage asset fields in the Agency real property database.

f. Maintain up-to-date information for heritage assets for financial reporting in accordance with SFFAS No. 29.

1.2.4 Mission Program and/or Project Managers shall:

a. Coordinate with NASA's FPO or Center CRM, as appropriate, prior to development of project budgets and planning documents, to ensure cultural resources management issues (both within and outside the United States) are considered and programmed during the project formulation phase and reevaluated throughout implementation in accordance with NHPA, E.O. 12114, NPR 7120.5, and NPR 8820.2.

b. Coordinate with NASA's FPO or Center CRM regarding any closeout activities associated with programs and projects that are terminating to identify potential NHPA and NAC cultural resources management issues that may require budget and compliance considerations.

c. Notify the FPO or the Center CRM immediately if an activity is likely to affect a historic property or results in discovery of archaeological resources or human remains or impact to a property that has been identified as culturally significant by federally recognized tribes, Alaskan Natives, or Native Hawaiian Organizations.

1.2.5 The Office of General Counsel shall:

a. Review and approve Agency-wide NHPA agreement documents prior to signature and execution.

b. Serve as legal advisor to the Agency CRM Program Manager for cultural resources management issues.

1.3 Centers

1.3.1 Center Directors 2 shall:


2 At JPL, this role is carried out by the NASA Management Office (NMO).

a. Ensure Center compliance with the applicable laws, regulations, and E.O.s related to cultural resources.

b. Ensure funding is available to implement and maintain NASA CRM Program activities at the Center, to include conducting periodic inventory and evaluation of historic properties and curating archaeological collections and associated records.

c. Serve as the Federal Agency Official in accordance with NHPA, as defined in 36 CFR pt. 800 and NAGPRA, as defined in 43 CFR pt. 10.

d. Serve as the Federal Land Manager for complying with ARPA.

e. Serve as the Federal Agency Official, as defined in 36 CFR pt. 79, with management authority over the Center's archaeological collections.

f. Ensure that Center procedures are aligned with the Agency requirements for cultural resources compliance, records retention, and disposal of artifacts. (See NPR 4310.1.)

g. Appoint a Center CRM for the Center to manage and implement the CRM Program.

h. Notify, in writing, the Agency CRM Program Manager, the respective State Historic Preservation Officer (SHPO), and any federally recognized tribes, as appropriate, of the Center CRM appointment.

i. Ensure that the Center CRM has the authority, qualifications, and resources to carry out their role and responsibilities to comply with applicable CRM regulations and this NPR.

j. Establish a process for integrating CRM into Center master and mission planning that includes early coordination with other programs, tenants, and projects and integration of the Center ICRMP into other Center planning documents.

k. Support initiatives to educate and inform Center personnel of CRM and NAC compliance responsibilities and include Center Native American employees, as appropriate.

l. Obtain appropriate training regarding government-to-government consultation to qualify for delegated authority from the Assistant Administrator, OSI.

m. Adjudicate Center disputes concerning the interpretation and implementation of CRM requirements.

1.3.2 Center CRMs, formerly Historic Preservation Officers (HPO), 3 shall:


3 In any Center or Agency document where the term "HPO" is used (NHPA agreement documents, ICRMPs, NASA policy and guidance documents), that term is valid for the lifetime of the document.

a. Implement NASA CRM Program activities in compliance with this NPR and sections 106 and 110 of NHPA, as well as ARPA, NAGPRA, E.O. 13175, and other applicable cultural resources laws and regulations.

b. Develop and maintain an up-to-date ICRMP that meets the requirements of this NPR to identify and manage cultural resources.

c. Review all construction, modification, and demolition projects to determine likely effect of the proposed activity on any historic property, including archaeological sites and properties of traditional religious and cultural importance to Native Americans, and complete compliance procedures in accordance with Section 106 of the NHPA, as appropriate.

d. Ensure that appropriate project personnel are familiar with Center Standard Operating Procedures for unanticipated archaeological discoveries.

e. Serve as the Center point of contact for the Agency CRM Program Manager, SHPO, Tribal Historic Preservation Officer (THPO) (for activities affecting tribal lands), Native Americans, ACHP, other consulting and interested parties, and the public for activities related to the CRM Program.

f. Coordinate with the Center NEPA Manager to ensure CRM and NEPA processes are well integrated.

g. Provide timely responses to Agency CRM data calls (e.g., E.O. 13287 and ARPA).

h. Ensure that appropriate Center records are uploaded into the NETS CRM Module in accordance with Section 2.7.5 of this NPR and are kept updated and maintained.

i. Respond to inquiries or data calls from the regional National Park Service (NPS) regarding NHLs. (See 36 CFR pt. 65.)

j. Notify the Agency CRM Program Manager in the event of an adverse effect to a historic property that will require the development of an NHPA agreement document or to any NHL.

k. Advise and seek Center Director and FPO concurrence on nominating historic properties to the NRHP.

l. Ensure information about the location, character, or ownership of a historic property (including archaeological sites) is safeguarded in accordance with the NHPA, ARPA, and this NPR.

m. Encourage development of partnerships in accordance with E.O. 13287 to support and foster public-private initiatives and investment in the use, reuse, and rehabilitation of historic properties.

n. Ensure the SOI's Standards for the Treatment of Historic Properties are followed as closely as practical for Center projects involving historic properties.

o. Coordinate with appropriate personnel to ensure that the NASA Real Property Management System (RPMS) accurately identifies all historic properties at the Center and that Center maps and plans protect the locations of culturally sensitive sites.

p. Provide input to the Center Property Disposal Officer on the identification of artifacts prior to disposal of personal property.

q. Provide training to educate and inform Center personnel of CRM and NAC compliance responsibilities.

r. Ensure official CRM records are managed in accordance with NPD 1440.6, NPR 1441.1, and NRRS 1441.1.

1.3.3 Center CoF Program Managers shall:

a. Reference this NPR in applicable program and project planning documents in accordance with NPR 7120.5 and NPR 8820.2.

b. Coordinate with the Center CRM to identify potential NHPA and NAC requirements when planning new mission needs and construction, renovation, or demolition/deconstruction activities.

c. Include cost and schedule needs for NHPA compliance and NAC activities in proposed project plans at the earliest stages of planning, including CoF funding prioritization.

d. Ensure cultural resources program requirements are fulfilled prior to project implementation.

1.3.4 Center Facility Project Managers (FPM) shall:

a. Ensure applicable forms are completed and permits obtained during the project planning phase and prior to project startup (e.g., environmental checklists, siting requests, and dig permits).

b. Notify the Center CRM immediately if an activity results in discovery of archaeological resources or human remains or has an unanticipated effect on a historic property.

c. Ensure that contracts, licenses, and grants include applicable NHPA, ARPA, NAGPRA, state, and NASA internal CRM requirements, as applicable.

d. Ensure any demolition approval requests include information regarding the historic status of the property and the status of any necessary environmental review (NEPA and NHPA) and are coordinated with the Center Real Property Accountable Officer (RPAO) and Center CoF Program Manager.

e. Coordinate with the Center CRM to ensure work on historic properties complies with 36 CFR Part 800, Protection of Historic Properties, prior to rewarding a Design-Bid-Build, Design-Build, Demolition, or Deconstruction contract, in accordance with NPR 8820.2.

f. Coordinate with the Center CRM to ensure any mitigation or design requirements for compliance with 36 CFR Part 800, Protection of Historic Properties, are included in a Design-Build request for proposal (RFP) prior to issuance.

1.3.5 Center NEPA Managers shall:

a. Inform the Center CRM of proposed on-Center actions or international actions that may affect historic properties or the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage Sites.

b. Meet regularly with the Center CRMs to discuss potential cultural resources requirements of proposed actions or alternatives.

c. Provide the Center CRM draft NEPA documents (EAs/EISs) for review and concurrence.

d. Coordinate with the Center CRM the distribution of NEPA documents for actions involving Section 106 consultation.

e. Coordinate with the Center CRM on actions that may require tribal consultation.

f. Involve the Center CRM and/or Agency CRM Program Manager when cultural resources issues may be addressed in public meetings.

g. Seek Center CRM review and concurrence of cultural resources information presented in the Center Environmental Resource Document (ERD).

h. Seek Center CRM concurrence when considering substituting NEPA to meet NHPA consultation requirements in accordance with 36 CFR 800.8(c).

1.3.6 Center GIS Managers shall:

a. Ensure information about the location, character, or ownership of a historic property (including archaeological sites) is safeguarded in accordance with the NHPA, ARPA, and this NPR.

b. Coordinate with Center CRM regarding any requests for information about the location, character, or ownership of a historic property (including archaeological sites) prior to releasing data.

1.3.7 Center Chief Counsel shall:

a. Review and approve Center NHPA agreement documents prior to signature and execution, including amendments to existing agreements.

b. Serve as legal advisor to the Center CRM for cultural resources issues, including but not limited to reviewing MOAs and PAs, public notices, and providing guidance to the Center CRM on interpreting cultural resources regulations.

1.3.8 The Center Master Planner shall:

a. Consider the requirements of E.O. 13287 in planning and decision making.

b. Incorporate cultural resources data and considerations into the Master Plan.

c. Coordinate with Center CRM on Master Plan revisions and updates.

d. Coordinate with the Center CRM on any other matters pertaining to cultural resources management, including new projects not included in the Master Plan, implementation of mitigation measures and stipulations resulting from SHPO consultations, MOAs, and PAs.

1.3.9 The Center Real Property Accountable Officer shall:

a. Maintain contact and coordination with the Center CRM for review and approval of historic real property transactions and supporting documents in accordance with NPR 8800.15.

b. Maintain contact and coordination with the Center CRM to ensure historic and heritage designations in the NASA Real Property Management System (RPMS) and the institutional GIS system are accurate and up to date.

c. Provide information regarding historic properties to the Center Planning Office upon request.

1.3.10 The Center Property Disposal Officer shall seek input from the Center CRM on the identification of artifacts prior to disposal of personal property.



| TOC | Preface | Chapter1 | Chapter2 | Chapter3 | AppendixA | AppendixB | AppendixC | ALL |
 
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