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NASA Ball NASA
Procedural
Requirements
NPR 8715.3D
Effective Date: August 01, 2017
Expiration Date: August 01, 2022
COMPLIANCE IS MANDATORY FOR NASA EMPLOYEES
Printable Format (PDF)

(NASA Only)

Subject: NASA General Safety Program Requirements (Updated w/Change 1)

Responsible Office: Office of Safety and Mission Assurance


| TOC | ChangeLog | Preface | Chapter1 | Chapter2 | Chapter3 | Chapter4 | Chapter5 | Chapter6 | Chapter7 | Chapter8 | Chapter9 | Chapter10 | Chapter11 | AppendixA | AppendixB | AppendixC | AppendixD | AppendixE | AppendixF | AppendixG | AppendixH | AppendixI | AppendixJ | ALL |

Chapter 5. Fire Safety

5.1 Purpose, Goals, and Objectives

This chapter establishes the overall purpose, goals, and objectives for the NASA Fire Protection and Life Safety Program. The goals of this program are zero loss of life from fires, a reduction in number of fires to zero, protection for facilities and equipment to preclude major losses, and a reduction in the magnitude of loss for those fires that occur. The objective of NASA's Fire Protection and Life Safety Program is to protect human life, property, and the environment from the risk of fire-related hazards, through the application of codes, standards, and best practices, engineering analysis, fire prevention techniques, and public education and awareness of fire safety for NASA and contractor personnel.

5.2 General Requirements

5.2.1 Chief, Safety and Mission Assurance (Chief, SMA). The Chief, SMA, is the senior safety official for the Agency and exercises functional oversight authority over all NASA fire protection and life safety activities. The Chief, SMA is responsible for the overall NASA fire protection and life safety policy and priorities and for evaluating Center implementation and performance. The Chief, SMA appoints an Agency Fire Protection and Life Safety Program manager to manage these Agency-level activities and evaluate Center implementation and performance.

5.2.2 Center Director

5.2.2.1 Center Directors shall implement a Fire Protection and Life Safety Program at their Center and associated facilities to:

a. Verify Center and associated facility compliance with the requirements in NASA-STD-8719.11, 15 U. S. C. §2227 (Fire safety systems in federally assisted buildings), 40 U.S.C. §3312 (Compliance with Nationally Recognized Codes), 29 CFR pt. 1910 (General Industry), and 41 CFR §102-80 (Safety and Environmental Management).

b. Provide fire service operations to protect lives and property.

c. Apply risk management processes to assess individual programs and adopt additional fire protection requirements as appropriate.

d. Identify fire hazards and provide adequate controls through regular, documented comprehensive fire risk assessments.

e. Document fire protection discrepancies and manage abatement plans for corrective action(s) and tracking.

f. Notify the Chief, SMA of fire protection discrepancies that cannot be corrected or funded locally.

g. Provide documented procedures for controlling flammable materials and hazardous operations.

h. Review and approve facility design drawings for adequate fire protection, life safety, and related features and systems and for compliance with applicable codes and criteria.

i. Ensure construction of new buildings and alterations and additions to existing buildings, facilities, and associated building systems and comply with approved fire protection, life safety, and related building safety requirements in place at the time of the design phase of the project.

5.2.2.2 The Center Director shall appoint a qualified individual to serve as the Authority Having Jurisdiction (AHJ) for fire protection and life safety with the authority and resources to manage the Center's Fire Protection and Life Safety Program.

5.2.2.3 The Center Director shall maintain the AHJ functionality independent from the facilities, systems, and operations they oversee such that they do not oversee their own work, have a mechanism established to avoid undue influence from those they oversee, and have an alternate reporting path to upper management.

5.2.2.4 The Center Director shall maintain fire protection and life safety systems and procedures at the Center and associated facilities in accordance with NASA-STD-8719.11.

5.2.3 Authority Having Jurisdiction for Fire Protection and Life Safety

5.2.3.1 The AHJ is the delegated Safety Technical Authority for fire protection and life safety at the Center and is responsible for authorizing use of associated equipment, materials, installations, and procedures.

5.2.3.2 The AHJ shall:

a. Review and authorize fire protection and life safety systems and operations prior to operation.

b. Verify the inspection, testing, and maintenance of fire protection and life safety systems and operations to ensure their ongoing fitness for service.

c. Document and maintain the compliance status of fire protection and life safety systems and procedures, including all exceptions, deviations, waivers, non-conformances, special constraints, and instructions required for safe operation.

5.2.3.3 The AHJ shall interpret voluntary consensus standard application(s) to the Center.

5.2.3.4 The AHJ shall review requests for relief from requirements of this NPR, NASA-STD 8719.11, and applicable voluntary consensus standards based on the technical merits of the request. The AHJ may authorize an equivalency for a requirement in NASA-STD 8719.11 or in an applicable voluntary consensus standard if the AHJ determines it would not result in an increase in risk.

5.2.3.5 The AHJ shall verify that trained personnel investigate the fire origin and cause of all fires at their Center and facilities in accordance with NASA-STD 8719.11.

5.2.3.6 The AHJ shall provide annual reports to the Center Director or their designee on the status and health of the Fire Protection and Life Safety Program as outlined in this Chapter.

5.2.3.7 The AHJ shall review and concur on construction of facilities and locally funded project design criteria, conceptual plans, and design documents with life safety and fire protection and life safety implications.

5.2.3.8 The AHJ shall notify the Center Security Office of all suspicious fires.

5.3 Qualifications for the Authority Having Jurisdiction

5.3.1 The AHJ shall have the following qualifications:

a. Leadership and managerial experience at a proven level commensurate with the expectations of the AHJ position and one of the following designations/certifications:

(1) Registered professional engineer (PE) who has passed the fire protection engineering written examination administered by the National Council of Examiners for Engineering and Surveying (NCEES) and has a minimum of eight years of work experience directly related to fire safety, building safety, life safety, and related code compliance.

(2) Registered professional engineer (PE) in a related field with a minimum of ten years documented work experience directly related to fire safety, building safety, life safety, and related code compliance.

(3) Certified Safety Professional (CSP) along with certification as either an ICC Certified Building Official or NFPA Certified Fire Protection Specialist with ten years documented work experience directly related to fire safety, building safety, life safety, and related code compliance.

(4) Fire Service Professional meeting all requirements of NFPA 1037, Standard for Professional Qualifications for Fire Marshal, with a minimum of ten years documented work experience directly related to fire safety, building safety, life safety, and related code compliance.

b. Work experience directly related to fire safety, building safety, life safety, and related code compliance shall include multi-faceted experience with significant work in each of the following three major areas:

(1) Risk management, decision analysis, and communication of complex technical issues.

(2) Building construction, code enforcement, life safety and means of egress systems, fire control and suppression systems, fire detection and alarm systems, building tenability systems, building fire resistance, electrical systems, lightning protection systems, conveyance systems, and other building systems and facility infrastructure relating to fire hazards in the workplace.

(3) Hazardous materials control, manual fire response and suppression, facility loss prevention control practices, ignition source controls, inspection, testing, and maintenance of protective systems, fire investigation procedures, and related fire prevention best practices.

5.3.2 Individuals appointed as AHJ at a NASA Center prior to the issuance of this document do not have to meet the requirements of 5.3.1 for the duration of their tenure as AHJ. However, these individuals should, as a matter of professionalism and growth, attempt to gain the requisite skill set during their tenure.

| TOC | ChangeLog | Preface | Chapter1 | Chapter2 | Chapter3 | Chapter4 | Chapter5 | Chapter6 | Chapter7 | Chapter8 | Chapter9 | Chapter10 | Chapter11 | AppendixA | AppendixB | AppendixC | AppendixD | AppendixE | AppendixF | AppendixG | AppendixH | AppendixI | AppendixJ | ALL |
 
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